COMPARATIVE MUSICOLOGY: FOLK MUSIC AND NON-EUROPEAN MUSICAL SYSTEMS
OF THE MANY WAYS OF STUDYING OUR ART MUSIC SYStematically, one of the most enlightening is to compare it with folk music and non-European musical systems that have grown up more or less independently. Largely because of the predominance of the comparative viewpoint in the study of these other musical systems, this field has commonly been called comparative musicology. The term is not entirely satisfactory, however, for the comparative method is frequently used in the other fields of musicology, and studies in this field are often not directly comparative. But, if used with discretion, the term comparative musicology may be legitimately employed as a convenient and significant rubric for a large and important field of musicological knowledge and research.
The comparative viewpoint is exemplified by Alexander John Ellis' work in the study of the extra-European scales. After many years of study of the musical scale from acoustical, psychological, and historical viewpoints, Ellis, in about 1880, became interested in the comparative study of other scalic systems. With the aid of a series of tuning forks of____________________