Race and Ethnic Conflict: Contending Views on Prejudice, Discrimination, and Ethnoviolence

By Fred L. Pincus; Howard J. Ehrlich | Go to book overview

However, productivity is not an individual characteristic. Rather it is embedded in social relations. The qualities most likely to be proxied by race are not job skills but behavioral and attitudinal attributes--dependability, strong work ethic, and cooperativeness--that are closely tied to interactions among workers and between workers and employers. Our evidence suggests that more attention should be paid to social relations in the workplace. Antagonisms among workers and between workers and their employers are likely to diminish productivity. Thus employers' expectations may become self-fulfilling prophecies.


NOTES
1.
One of the exceptions is Braddock and McPartland ( 1987).
2.
Becker ( 1957).
5.
See Bielby and Baron ( 1986) for a discussion.
7.
The sample and survey methods are described in more detail in the "Employer Survey Final Report," available from the authors.
8.
Wilson ( 1980, 1987); and Kasarda ( 1985). We use the term "space" in the tradition of urban geography. We do this to draw attention to the way people categorize and attach meaning to geographic locations.

REFERENCES

Aigner, Dennis J., and Glen G. Cain. 1977. "Statistical Theories of Discrimination in Labor Markets." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 30 (January), pp. 175-87.

Anderson, Elijah. 1980. "Some Observations on Black Youth Employment." In Youth Employment and Public Policy, edited by Bernard E. Anderson and Isabel V. Sawhill. Prentice-Hall.

Arrow, Kenneth. 1973. "The Theory of Discrimination." In Discrimination in Labor Markets, edited by Orley Aschenfelter and Albert Rees. Princeton University Press.

Bielby, William T., and Baron James N.. 1986. "Men and Women at Work: Sex Segregation and Statistical Discrimination." American Journal of Sociology 91 (January), pp. 759-99.

Braddock, Jomills Henry II, and James M. McPartland. 1987. "How Minorities Continue to Be Excluded from Equal Employment Opportunities: Research on Labor Market and Institutional Barriers." Journal of Social Issues 43, pp. 5-39.

Kasarda, John D. 1985. "Urban Change and Minority Opportunities." In The New Urban Reality, edited by Paul E. Peterson. Brookings.

Phelps, Edmund S. 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism." American Economic Review 62 (September), pp. 659-61.

Spence, Michael. 1973. "Job Market Signalling." Quarterly Journal of Economics 87 (August), pp. 355-74.

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