Immigration and Labor: The Economic Aspects of European Immigration to the United States

By Isaac A. Hourwich | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER V
THE DEMAND FOR LABOR IN AGRICULTURE

THE preference of the "new" immigrants for city employments over agricultural pursuits is viewed with apprehension by philanthropists and sociologists. It is evident, however, that even the "desirable" immigrant from Northern and Western Europe who brings with him on an average $551 1 lacks the necessary means to rent a farm, let alone to buy one.2 At best he can only obtain employment as a farm hand, which depends primarily upon the demand for farm labor. And here he is confronted with the fact that the American farmer cannot keep his own sons on the farm.

The industrial development of the United States has manifested itself in a relative decrease, and in some sections in a numerical decrease of the rural population. In New England and New York an actual depopulation of the rural districts was recorded by the census of 1890. The next census showed a loss of rural population in New Jersey, Delaware, Ohio, and Kansas. Maryland and Illinois sustained similar losses from 1880 to 1890, but recovered them within the next ten years.3 The published bulletins of the last census show a numerical decrease of the rural population in the following States of the Central West:

____________________
1
Reports of the Immigration Commission, vol. 4 (in press).
2
The average value per farm, exclusive of real estate, in 1900, amounted to $1173. H. W. Quaintance: The Influence of Farm Machinery on Production and Labor, p. 58.
3
Supplementary Analysis, XII. Census, p. 78, Table XXXIX.

-103-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Immigration and Labor: The Economic Aspects of European Immigration to the United States
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 550

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?