The 1980s and 1990s marked a turning point in research on Chinese women on both sides of the Pacific. In the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, national conferences and new research projects and publications signaled an explosion of interest in women's studies, feminism, and gender relations. Within the academy as well as in women's organizations, these innovations have provoked a renewed critical interest in feminist theory developed in a diversity of contexts, in China and abroad. At the same time, Chinese scholars working in the United States and American scholars, in dialogue with one another, began to reconfigure anglophone scholarship on Chinese women. American scholars who had built studies of Chinese women on the foundations of pioneering work published in the 1970s and 1980s began testing the limits of these paradigms and perspectives. Their work on China made them especially sensitive to critiques of colonial representations in Western feminist scholarship and especially responsive to the emerging body of transnational feminist work. Chinese scholars working in the United States engaged as well as reworked Western feminist theory. The Chinese Society of Women's Studies that they formed in the United States has built an extensive transnational network of communication about issues of concern to Chinese women. Both Chinese scholars in the United States and American scholars began conversations with scholars from the PRC, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.
Thus communication across the Pacific has entered a new era, highlighted by the organization of conferences and research projects involving international collaboration. Such conferences include "Engendering China: Women, Culture, and the State," held at Harvard University and Wellesley College in 1992 with scholars in attendance from the United States, Britain, Taiwan, and the PRC; the First International Women's Studies Conference held at Beijing University in 1992; the 1993 Tianjin conference on