COLLECTIVE AGENCIES WORKING FOR ARBITRATION AND JUDICIAL SETTLEMENT
103. Peace societies in the United States . -- The general subject of which we write has commanded a very considerable support in the United States even from an early period. The first organized movement resulted in the formation of the New York Peace Society in August 1815. This was followed during the same year by similar societies in Ohio, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Georgia, and North Carolina. In 1828 these various organizations were gathered into a national body known as the American Peace Society, which exists to this day and during all these years has regularly published an official organ. For many years it has had as a part of its platform the furtherance, among other things, of commissions of inquiry, councils of conciliation, arbitration of differences, international courts of justice with obligatory jurisdiction, and & enlargement of the obligatory jurisdiction of the Permanent Court of International Justice by the framing of rules of international law.1
In 1895 was organized a voluntary association meeting annually at Lake Mohonk, New York, for the purpose of conferring upon the subject of arbitration. Its conferences were kept up for twenty years and the reports of its proceedings are entitled to large respect, active participants having included many of the most prominent international lawyers of the United States.
In 1907 occurred the first meeting of the American Society of International Law, which had been in process of formation during two preceding years. Its main purpose was and is to further the study of international law, but it has given large attention to all matters of arbitration and judicial settlement of disputes.
In 1910, largely under the efficient leadership of Dr. James Brown Scott, there was organized the American Society for the Judicial Settlement of International Disputes, the prime purpose of which was to secure settlement of disputes through an international judiciary rather____________________