ARBITRATIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND COUNTRIES OTHER THAN GREAT BRITAIN AND MEXICO
152. Austria and Hungary. -- By agreement with these powers1 dated November 26, 1924, there were referred to a single commissioner to be named by agreement of the countries concerned claims of American citizens against Austria and Hungary arising since July 31, 1914, in respect of damages to or seizure of property, rights, and interests, including any company or association in which they are interested, within territory of defendant nations as it existed on August 1, 1914; other claims for injuries to person or property since July 31, 1914, as a consequence of the war; debts to American citizens by the defendant governments or nationals.
153. Brazil. -- The first case of actual international arbitration between the United States and countries other than immediate neighbors was with Brazil in 1842, arising from the seizure of the American schooner, John S. Bryan. By agreement between the two countries2 commissioners were appointed who gave an award October 15, 1842, directing twenty-six contos of reis to be paid by Brazil. This was not paid until May 20, 1846, when it was made without interest.
By a subsequent convention3 dated January 27, 1849, the Government of Brazil placed at the disposal of the United States the sum of five hundred thirty thousand milreis to cover all claims the United States might have on behalf of its citizens against Brazil, leaving it to the United States to make the distribution.
By protocol4 dated March 14, 1870, between officials of Brazil and the United States there was submitted to the arbitrament of Sir Edward Thornton, the claim of the United States against Brazil, arising out of the loss of the steamer Canada. One of the questions referred was whether the United States, having once presented the claim, was barred by lapse of time incident to the negligent prosecution of the case. The further questions were whether the vessel was lost and the voyage ended by the illegal interference of Brazilian officials, and the____________________