By 1866, Othneil Marsh of Lockport, New York, a graduate of Andover Academy, became professor of vertebrate paleontology at Yale, as the number of professional, academic positions for scientists gradually, if sluggishly, continued to expand. He was one of the very first to be appointed to such a post, as well as to the U.S. Geological Surve. He dedicated the balance of his days to searching for dinosaur fossils, in the, American West and noting their implications for the ancestry of all species, including man. He described many of his ideas in his book, Dinosaurs of North America.
During the initial decades of the Victorian era, scientific institutions were proliferating and thriving. The Royal Society's membership list registered strong gains throughout the nineteenth century, as did that quintessentially Ametican scientific institution, the Smithsonian. In 1823, for instance, the American zoologist Spencer Baird, founder of the Woods Hole Laboratories, while head of the Smithso