Beyond Confrontation: International Law for the Post-Cold War Era

By Lori Fisler Damrosch; Gennady M. Danilenko et al. | Go to book overview

6
Stability in the Law of the Sea

Bernard H. Oxman and Anatoly L. Kolodkin


I. Stability and Change

A. The Grotian Model

Prior to the twentieth century, the last revolutionary change in the law of the sea occurred contemporaneously with the emergence of modern international law itself. The same Dutch scholar, Grotius, played a central role in both developments. The thesis of his classic treatise, Mare Liberum, while not immediately accepted in all quarters, ultimately prevailed over the pretensions of Portugal and Spain to extend their imperial domains to the oceans, and over more modest claims of others.

This ushered in a long period of relative stability in which it was generally accepted among the European powers that shaped modern international law that the sea was free and open to all, subject to control by the coastal state only in a narrow margin off its coast generally believed to be one marine league (three nautical miles). Upon independence, the United States accepted this principle.1 Its neighbors in the Western Hemisphere followed suit. New uses of the sea for communications and similar purposes, such as submarine cables and pipelines, overflight, and submerged navigation, were absorbed into the principle of freedom of the seas.


B. The Twentieth-Century Revolution and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

The next revolution in the law of the sea occurred in the twentieth century, in particular in the period following the Second World War2. In retrospect, it appears that the revolution had not yet run its course when the first attempt to stabilize the law of the sea by treaty was completed at

-165-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Beyond Confrontation: International Law for the Post-Cold War Era
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Notes xx
  • Acknowledgments xxiii
  • About the Editors and Contributors xxv
  • 1 - The Role of International Law In the Contemporary World 1
  • Notes 19
  • 2 - Consent and the Creation Of International Law 23
  • Notes 53
  • 3 - Participants in International Legal Relations 61
  • Notes 82
  • 4 - Legal Regulation of the Use of Force 93
  • Notes 134
  • 5 - International Cooperation Against Terrorism 141
  • Notes 158
  • 6 - Stability in the Law of the Sea 165
  • Notes 183
  • 7 - Enviornmental Law 193
  • Notes 217
  • 8 - Tensions in the Development Of the Law of Outer Space 225
  • Notes 257
  • 9 - International Human Rights 275
  • Notes 299
  • 10 - Peaceful Settlement of Disputes Through the Rule of Law 309
  • Notes 332
  • About the Book 335
  • Index 337
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 345

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.