Ecological Interactions and Biological Control

By David A. Andow; David W. Ragsdale et al. | Go to book overview

Canada in 1992 for control of round-leaved mallow and is only the third bioherbicide available commercially. The two others were registered in the United States more than a decade ago. Unfortunately, the regulatory climate is becoming increasingly restrictive. Thus, many potential agents are not developed because of the high cost of meeting regulatory requirements, which is discouraging private sector involvement.


References

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Andersen, R. N., and H. L. Walker. 1985. Colletotrichum coccodes: A pathogen of eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum). Weed Science 33:902-5.

Andrews, J. H., and S. S. Hirano. 1991. Microbial ecology of leaves. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Auld, B. A. 1991. Economic aspects of biological weed control with plant pathogens. In Microbial control of weeds, ed. D. O. TeBeest, 262-73. New York: Chapman and Hall.

Ayres, P. G. 1991. Growth responses induced by pathogens and other stresses. In Response of plants to multiple stresses, ed. H. A. Mooney, W. E. Winner, E. J. Pell, and E. Chu, 227-48. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.

Ayres, P. G., and N. D. Paul. 1990. The effects of disease on interspecific plant competition. Aspects of Applied Biology 24:155-62.

Blakeman, J. P. 1981. Microbial ecology of the phylloplane. London: Academic Press.

_____. 1985. Ecological succession of leaf surface microorganisms in relation to biological control. In Biological control on the phylloplane, ed. C. E. Windels and S. E. Lindow, 6-30. St. Paul, Minn.: American Phytopathological Society.

Blakeman, J. P., and D. Hornby. 1966. The persistence of Colletotrichum coccodes and Mycosphaerella ligulicola in soil, with special reference to sclerotia and conidia. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 48:227-40.

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_____. 1986. Commercialization of Collego: An industrialist's view. Weed Science 34: 24-25.

Boyette, C. D., G. E. Templeton, and R. J. Smith Jr. 1979. Control of winged waterprimrose (Jussiaea decurrens) and northern jointvetch (Aeschynomene virginica) with fungal pathogens. Weed Science 27:497-501.

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_____. 1985. The use of natural and genetically altered strains of pathogens for control. In Biological control in agricultural IPM systems, ed. M. A. Hoy and D. C. Herzog, 347-72. New York: Academic Press.

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