the business corporation is a device for limiting liabilities, but that should
not include shirking social responsibilities. Business is heavily involved in
the act of governance, and many of its actions impose substantial public
costs. Hence we need to devise ways, formal and informal, to draw corporate decisionmakers into broad coalitions of problem solvers.
The group basis of politics teaches us that each segment of society tends
to be preoccupied with what is proximate. The challenge is how to overcome that tendency and thereby expand our freedom to act on the large
problems that beset us. An integrated political economy perspective
should facilitate this broader view of the group basis of American politics
and its relation to the capacity to govern.
I wish to thank the General Research Board of the University of Maryland for
support in the writing of this chapter.
For a critique of this line of argument, offering the alternative concept of an
issue network, see Heclo ( 1978). See also Berry ( 1989), Walker, 1991, and Baumgartner and
Jones ( 1991).
On "ecology," see Long ( 1958), and Crenson ( 1971).
This case is based on Loomis and
Cigler ( 1983:16-17).
I am indebted to Meredith Ramsay for this point. Significant works outside
political science include those by Hunt ( 1990), Kohn ( 1990), and Tyler ( 1990). See
van de Kraft, and
Orbell ( 1990).
A contrasting conception of power may be found in Pitkin ( 1972), Isaac
( 1987), Clegg ( 1989), and Stone ( 1989).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Dynamics of American Politics:Approaches and Interpretations.
Contributors: Lawrence C. Dodd - Editor, Calvin Jillson - Editor.
Publisher: Westview Press.
Place of publication: Boulder, CO.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 296.
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