The Jacksonians Versus the Banks: Politics in the States after the Panic of 1837

By James Roger Sharp | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VI

Ohio

1

IF MISSISSIPPI represented the most rural and agricultural state in the two western sections, Ohio was the most industrially and commercially advanced. Ohio was a land of contrasts, where the frontier and commercial ways of life were blended together. The state was as urban as Cincinnati, the most cosmopolitan and industrially active city in the West outside of New Orleans, and as agrarian as the countless farms and hamlets that dotted the verdant and rolling landscape of the inteႭ prior counties. A few Ohioans were as isolated as the Mississippi Piney Woods countrymen, but, in general, farmers were served by the numerous market centers scattered throughout the state.

The Democratic party was more highly organized in Ohio than in Mississippi, and local and state conventions, meetings, and celebrations were held with regularity. Towns, especially on court days, were rallying points for political speeches, debates, and discussions. As a result, Democratic constituents in Ohio were considerably more active and played a larger role in shaping party policy than their counterparts in Mississippi.

Ohio was older and more mature politically and economically than Mississippi. Consequently, the rate of growth immediately preceding the Panic had not been nearly so strenuous as it had been in Mississippi. In the two decades from 1830 to 1850, Ohio's population a little more than doubled, while Mississippi's increased nearly four and one half times.1 In 1838 Ohio reported thirty-eight banks with 11.3 million dollars of capital and 17.2 million dollars of loans and discounts. The

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1
Historical Statistics, 13.

-123-

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The Jacksonians Versus the Banks: Politics in the States after the Panic of 1837
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Contents xiii
  • Graphs and Maps xiv
  • Song from a Jackson Barbecue September 25, 1839 *
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter I - The Democratic Party and the Politics of Agrarianism 3
  • Chapter II - Banking Before the Panic 25
  • The West 51
  • Chapter III - Mississippi 55
  • Chapter IV - Mississippi Constituencies 89
  • Chapter V - The Southwest 110
  • Chapter VI - Ohio 123
  • Chapter VII - Ohio Constituencies 160
  • Chapter VIII - The Northwest 190
  • The East 211
  • Chapter IX - Virginia 215
  • Chapter X - Virginia Constituencies 247
  • Chapter XI - The Southeast 274
  • Chapter XII - Pennsylvania and New York 285
  • Chapter XIII - The Northeast 306
  • Conclusion 321
  • Appendices 331
  • Notes to Tables 342
  • Bibliography 351
  • Index 379
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