In the preceding chapters we have described the conditions governing the pace of development and have concluded that much of the effort of the next five years must be directed toward strengthening the government services which will support an expansion in production.
This chapter is essentially a summary of our discussion and analysis of the various sectors of the economy and of our principal recommendations for their development, details of which are to be found in the Technical Reports in Part II. The Technical Reports form an integral part of the report, and they should be referred to for a complete statement of the mission's recommendations and of the reasons supporting them.
Expansion in every sector is dependent upon an adequate supply of skilled manpower. Since in the long run this means Nigerian manpower, the educational expansion already begun must be stepped up. The type of instruction offered should be designed to meet the needs of the growing economy and reoriented to this end. This means in particular a changed emphasis in the technical schools. It also means an expansion of higher education, with which should be allied research programs in agriculture, veterinary science and forestry.
Research, surveys, extension and demonstration are the priority needs in agriculture. Facilities for research into soils, plant nutrition, plant varieties and disease must be promptly expanded so that efforts to stimulate production will rest on a firmer base than they do now. Research on cattle breeds and animal disease must be joined with efforts to control the tsetse fly, if increased cattle-raising anywhere but in the northern fringe of the country is to be possible. While large-scale expansion in the output of most products must await the results of survey and fundamental research, increased production of some crops can be achieved soon if extension and demonstration services are more adequately organized to spread techniques already