A Manual of Environmental Protection Law: The Pollution Control Functions of the Environment Agency and SEPA

By Michael Fry | Go to book overview

Clean Air Act 1993 1993 Chapter 11
An Act to consolidate the Clean Air Acts 1956 and 1968 and certain related enactments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission.[ 27th May 19931]
Transfer of functions
The functions previously conferred on the Secretary of State under section 19 of this Act, p.347 below, with respect to the creation of smoke control areas by local authorities in Scotland, have been transferred to the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, SEPA: Environment Act 1995(c. 25), s.21, p. 438 below. SEPA took over its functions under this Act on the transfer date, 1 April 1996: S.I. 1996/139.
Orders
A list of orders made, or which have effect as if made, under section 21 of this Act is at p.800 below.
Regulations
A list of regulations made, or which have effect as if made, under this Act is at p.799 below.
PART I: Dark Smoke

Prohibition of dark smoke from chimneys.
1. (1) Dark smoke2 shall not be emitted from a chimney3, of any building, and, if on any day, dark smoke is so emitted, the occupier4 of the building shall be guilty of an offence.(2) Dark smoke shall not be emitted from a chimney (not being a chimney of a building) which serves the furnace of any fixed boiler or industrial plant5 and if, on any day6, dark smoke is so emitted, the person having possession of the boiler or plant shall be guilty of an offence.(3) This section does not apply to emissions of smoke from any chimney, in such classes of case and subject to such limitations as may be prescribed in regulations made by the Secretary of State, lasting for not longer than such periods as may be so prescribed7.(4) In any proceedings for an offence under this section, it shall be a defence to prove--
a. that the alleged emission was solely due to the lighting up of a furnace which was cold and that all practicable8 steps had been taken to prevent or minimise the emission of dark smoke;
b. that the alleged emission was solely due to some failure of a furnace, or of apparatus used in connection with a furnace, and that--
____________________
1
This Act came into force on 27 August 1993: s.68(2) below.
2
"Dark smoke" has the meaning given by s.3(1) below: s.64(1) below.
3
"Chimney" and "chimney of a building" defined by s.64(1), p.371 below.
4
For "occupier" see s.64(2), p.372 below.
5
"Fixed boiler or industrial plant" and "industrial plant defined by s.64(1), p.371 below.
6
"Day" defined by s.64(1), p.371 below.
7
A list of regulations made, or which have effect as if made, under this Act is at p.799 below.
8
"Practicable" defined by s. 64(1), p.372 below.

-336-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Manual of Environmental Protection Law: The Pollution Control Functions of the Environment Agency and SEPA
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 876

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.