American Exodus: The Dust Bowl Migration and Okie Culture in California

By James N. Gregory | Go to book overview

8

The Language of
a Subculture

THE NAME OUT FRONT SAID " PIONEER CLUB." A DARK AND DINGY BAR NEAR the end of Arvin's commercial strip, it was a place respectable residents made a point of avoiding. The clientele was mostly male, mostly farm- workers. Its unsavory reputation was probably deserved. Drinking was not the only activity the premises condoned. Men went there to play pool, gamble at cards, flirt with the handful of women present, and, with some frequency, to fight.

Every San Joaquin Valley town had its Pioneer Club by the end of the 1930s, though sometimes one had to scout the lonely outskirts to find it. There the flip side of the Okie population congregated: daring women, single men, married men with a taste for liquor and independence. Saturday nights might be a bit different. If the place was big enough a band would be playing and couples dancing. Women and married couples then felt more comfortable. The very serious Christians saw no distinction, but others might sin a little on dancing nights.

Like the evangelical churches, these drinking establishments advertised their association with the Okie population through sometimes subtle cultural clues. No sign at the door said Southwesterners only (though "whites only" would have been typical); the place signaled its socio-cultural allegiance in the rude decor, often a Western name (or one like the "Texhoma Club"), and a jukebox filled with hillbilly hits. Not that the clientele was

-222-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
American Exodus: The Dust Bowl Migration and Okie Culture in California
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 338

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.