CHAPTER EIGHT By
W. Phillips DavisonTHE CONFUSIONS that can result from the failure to evaluate properly the word "propaganda" are revealed sharply
when we begin consideration of the State Department's public opinion operation overseas. There are still gaping differences of opinion as to what the government's role should
be and, as a result, a number of theories as to what the government should do -- theories that very often contradict one
another in whole or in part. In the main these theories can
be classified in five categories:
VOICES OF AMERICA
|1. ||That we should give people abroad the facts about us.
This may be called the "fair trial," or "cross section of America," theory. It assumes that once people have the
facts, they cannot fail to approve of us and to concur with
|2. ||That we should bring people abroad to understand our
objectives. The assumption here is that comprehension of
American cultural ideals and achievements will break down
|3. ||That we should persuade people abroad to like us.
Here we cross the narrow line that separates information
from propaganda. Our purpose becomes to display as in a
show window those aspects of American life calculated to
arouse a favorable response abroad: the best American music, American generosity, American peacefulness.|
|4. ||That we should induce people abroad to favor the|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Public Opinion and Foreign Policy.
Contributors: Lester Markel - Author, Council on Foreign Relations. - OrganizationName.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1949.
Page number: 156.
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