Ordered Liberty: A Constitutional History of New York

By Peter J. Galie | Go to book overview

new political forces makes a difference. The decision to provide a mechanism for centralizing patronage distribution made a difference as to how the parties and the polity operated in New York between 1801 and 1821, as did subsequent decisions in 1821 and 1846, which diffused that distribution.


NOTES
1.
For an account of the conflict leading up to the convention, see J. M. Gitterman , "The Council of Appointment in New York", Political Science Quarterly, VII ( May, 1892), pp. 91-103
2.
Journals of the Provincial Congress, Provincial Convention . . . 2 vols., 1, pp. 874-875. John Jay to Robert Livingston and Gouverneur Morris, April 29, 1777, in The Correspondence and Public Papers of John Jay, Johnson, ed., I, p. 128.
3.
As quoted in Lincoln, A Constitutional History of New York. I, p. 598.
4.
Ibid., I, pg. 598.
5.
His objections are found in the Albany Gazette, October 23, 1794, as quoted by Howard McBain, DeWitt Clinton and the Origins of the Spoils System in New York (Ph.D. Diss., Columbia University, 1907), pp. 37-38.
6.
Charles Z. Lincoln, ed., Messages From the Governors . . . [1683- 1906], 11 vols. ( Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1909), II, pp. 360-361.
7.
Ibid., I, p. 361.
8.
Ibid., I, p. 472-476.
9.
McBain, p. 91.
10.
Lincoln, ed., Messages From the Governors, I, p. 468.
11.
Laws of New York, V, 24th Sess. ( 1801) Chapt. 159.
12.
Ray B. Smith, ed., History of the State of New York, Political and Governmental, 6 vols. ( Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1922), Vol. I: 1776-1822 (Willis Fletcher Johnson), p. 210-211.
13.
Howard McBain, DeWitt Clinton and the Origin of the Spoils System, pp. 122-123, claims that Clinton never attended the convention. He bases this conclusion on the fact that his name appears nowhere on the record and that he is unrecorded in any vote. McBain also notes that Clinton did not attend the fall meeting of the council, citing an illness that made it impossible for him to attend. In this respect Dorothie Bobbé, DeWitt Clinton ( New York: Minton, Balch & Co., 1933) agrees with McBain. It appears that the source for the numerous commentators who have Clinton present and proposing amendments is Jabez Hammond in his History of Political Parties, I, pp. 165-166.
14.
Matthew Davis, Memoirs of Aaron Burr, 2 vols. ( New York: Harper & Bros., 1836-1837), II, p. 158.
15.
New York State, Journal of the Convention of the State of New York Begun and Held at the City of Albany, on the Thirteenth Day of October, 1801 ( Albany: John Barber, printer to the Convention, 1801), pp. 26-27.
16.
As a contemporary politician and historian, Jabez Hammond pointed out. The History of Political Parties in the State of New York, 4th ed., 3 vols. ( Syracuse: Hall, Mills & Co., 1852), I, pp. 166-167.
17.
Hugh M. Flick, "The Council of Appointment in New York State, TheFirst Attempt to Regulate Political Patronage, 1777-1822,"

-69-

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