Ordered Liberty: A Constitutional History of New York

By Peter J. Galie | Go to book overview
Save to active project

lishment clause, would be a latent explosive planted in the document. When the convention of 1967 recommended a constitution without that provision, the bomb would explode.

The 1894 convention manifested, to a degree greater than at any previous time in New York's history, the tension between urban and rural New York. This tension is most clearly evident in the arguments over apportionment, but it is also obvious in the suffrage amendments, the dual registration system for urban and rural areas, the separation of city from state and national elections, and the delegates' unwillingness to grant any significant home rule power to the cities. The vision of a rural republic, Protestant and Republican, and that of an urban democracy, ethnic and Democratic, provided the ideological and cultural context for many of the delegates at the convention.

The convention succeeded in providing some protection for traditional New Yorkers against a new order emerging from a combination of immigration, urbanization, and industrialization. The concern of many Republicans to preserve a New York they believed was slipping away, combined with the inability of independent and city Republicans to unite on a coherent response to this emerging order, accounts for the lack of theoretical coherence at the convention.

Samuel T. McSeveney, The Politics of Depression: Political Behavior in the Northeast, 1893-1896 ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1972), pp. 63-64, and Lincoln, Constitutional History of New York, III, pp. 3-25, provide a full discussion of this dispute.
Annual Message, January 4, 1887. Messages From the Governors, VIII, pp. 309-310.
Laws of New York, Chap. 8 ( 1883).
Arthur R. Bentley, The Process of Government ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980); David Truman, The Governmental Process ( New York: Alfred E. Knopf, 1951).
Richard McCormick, From Realignment to Reform: Political Change in New York State, 1893-1910 ( Ithaca: Cornell University press, 1981), pp. 52-53.
Sketches of the delegates can be found in the Convention Manual of Procedure, Forms and Rules For the Regulation of Business in the Sixth New York State Constitutional Convention, 1894 Pt. I, vol. 2: Delegates Manual and Introduction ( Albany: The Argus Co., 1984).
McSeveney, Politics of Depression, pp. 33-35.
Robert Crosby Eager, "Governing New York State: Republicans and Reform, 1894-1900" (Ph.D. Diss., Stanford University, 1977), p. 52.
See, e.g., the remarks of delegate Frederick Holls, as quoted in Eager, "Governing New York State," pp. 8-9.
Richard McCormick, "Shaping Republican Strategy: Political Change in New York State, 1893-1910"


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ordered Liberty: A Constitutional History of New York
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 409

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?