New Opportunities for Military Women: Effects upon Readiness, Cohesion, and Morale

By Margaret C. Harrell; Laura L. Miller | Go to book overview

Chapter Two
POLICY INTERPRETATION AND
CURRENT STATUS OF OPPORTUNITIES
AVAILABLE TO MILITARY WOMEN

This chapter describes the processes by which the services implemented the legislative and policy guidance into specific assignments and occupations and skills available to women. This chapter begins with a summary of the changes in each of the services and an evaluation of the process of integration. Then, the specific factors that affected the rate of progress for each of the services, as well as the current opportunities open to women, are summarized below. More detailed data are located in Appendix B and are referenced throughout this chapter.


SUMMARY OF SERVICE CHANGES

Overall, the changes in policy and legislation opened more than 250,000 positions in the Armed Services to women, and over 80 percent of the total jobs in the services are open to women. Table 2.1 summarizes the total number of positions opened to women since April 1993. It is notable from this table that, while the Navy alone had opened by far the most positions to women, both the Navy and the Marine Corps had a considerable percentage of overall positions become available. In addition, the difference between the percentages of positions now available to women is also interesting. The Navy can assign women to 91.2 percent of its positions, and almost all Air Force assignments are open to women. However, it is important to note that, while 91.2 percent of all Navy positions are available to women, only approximately 13 percent of all shipboard bunks will be female berthing at the end of the current embarkation plan. Thus, the number of Navy positions that could be simultaneously

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