of forks all at the same time, so as to make the shocks which come from them ever so great, the A fork will not join in the vibrations unless another fork A in the collection struck. It picks out, in other words, from all the notes sounded, that which accords with it.
"The same is true of all bodies which can yield notes. Tumblers resound when a piano is played, on the striking of certain notes, and so do window panes. Nor is the phenomenon without analogy in different provinces. Take a dog that answers to the name "Nero." He lies under your table. You speak of Domitian, Vespasian, and Marcus Aurelius Antonius, you call upon all the Roman Emperors that occur to you, but the dog does not stir, although a slight tremor of his ear tells you of a faint response of his consciousness. But the moment you call "Nero" he jumps joyfully towards you. The tuning fork is like your dog. It answers to the name A."( Mach 1865)
The opinions expressed herein are solely my own. I would like to thank Nelson Kiang for many insight-provoking discussions and for the use of his excellent library, Professor Frederick Werner for his kind encouragement, and Bertrand Delgutte for his experimental and experiential wisdom. The auditory experiments cited were supported by N.I.H. DC00038 and DC00119.
Abeles, M. "Local Cortical Circuits". An Electrophysiological Study. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1982a.
Abeles, Moshe. "Role of the cortical neuron: integrator or coincidence detector." Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 18 ( 1982b): 83-92.
Abeles, Moshe. Corticonics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Adamczak, Wolfgang. "The amacrine cells as an important processing site of pattern-induced flicker colors." Vision Research 21 ( 1981): 1639-1642.
Adrian, E. D. The Basis of Sensation. London: Christophers, 1928.
Arbib, Michael A. The Metaphorical Brain 2: Neural Nets and Beyond. New York: John Wiley, 1989.
Baldi, P. and R. Meir. "Computing with arrays of coupled oscillators: an application to preattentive texture discrimination." Neural Computation 2 ( 1990): 458-471.
Barlow, H. B. "Single units and sensation: a neuron doctrine for perceptual psychology." Perception 1 ( 1972): 371- 392.
Bartoshuk, Linda M. "Taste." In Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Volume 1: Perception and Motivation, ed. Richard C. Atkinson, Richard J. Herrnstein, Gardner Lindzet, and R. Duncan Luce. 461-499. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1988.
Basar, E. Chaotic dynamics and resonance phenomena in brain function: progress,, perspectives, and thoughts. In Chaos in Brain Function, ed. Erol Basar. 1-30. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1990.
Benham, C. E. "The artificial spectrum top." Nature, Lond. 51 ( 1894): 200.
Benham, C. E. "The artificial spectrum top." Nature, Lond. 2 ( 1895): 321.
Bialek, W., F. Rieke, R. R. van Stevenink, and Warland de Ruyter D. "Reading a neural code." Science 252 ( 28 June 1991): 1854-1856.
Bittner, G. D. "Differentiation of nerve terminals in the crayfish opener muscle and its functional significance." J. Gen. Physiol. 51 ( 1968): 731-758.
Boomsliter, Paul and Warren Creel. "The long pattern hypothesis in harmony and hearing." Journal of Music Theory 5 ( 1962): 2-31.
Boring, Edwin G. "The Physical Dimensions of Consciousness". New York: Dover, 1933.
Boring, Edwin G. Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology. New York: Appleton- Century-Crofts, 1942.
Bower, T. G. R. The evolution of sensory systems. In P erception: Essays in Honor of James J. Gibson, ed. Robert B. MacLeod and Herbert Pick Jr.141-152. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1974.
Bradley, R. M., H. M. Stedman, and C. M. Mistretta. "Superior larygneal nerve response patterns to chemical stimulation of sheep epiglottis." Brain Research 276 ( 1983): 81-93.
Braitenberg, V. "Functional interpretation of cerebellar histology." Nature 190 ( 1961): 539-540.
Braitenberg, Valentino. "Is the cerebellar cortex a biological clock in the millisecond range?" Prog. Brain Res. 25 ( 1967): 334-346.