Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform

By Peter H. Solomon Jr.; Todd S. Foglesong | Go to book overview
5.3. Establish a major compulsory training program for all new judges (presumably at the new Academy of Justice) and design that program to include innovations in both intellectual content and practical training.
5.4. Develop and expand the institution of clerkships (pomoshchnik sudu), especially to employ graduates of the new Academy of Justice not yet eligible to work as judges.
5.5. Improve judges' access to legal information by (a) sending to all judges on a regular basis a selection of newly published books (codes, commentaries, treatises); and (b) providing each courthouse with a computer, modem, and access fees for the major databases of Russian legislation.
5.6. Stimulate and improve the work of all judges by (a) upgrading and expanding the refresher courses; and (b) organizing local conferences, seminars, and other events.
5.7. Upgrade the training of other justice officials (court secretaries, bailiff-enforcers), paying special attention to the soon to be created justices of the peace.

Notes
1.
The source of data for these Tables and the rest of the Tables in this Chapter is the Department of Cadres, Russian Supreme Court.
2.
See, for example, the discussion in A. Dementev, "O preddolzhnostnoi podgotovke sudei", Rossiiskaia iustitsiia, 1994, No. 8, p. 10.
3.
See I. L. Petrukhin, "A khramu nuzhen remont", Iuridicheskii vestnik, 1996, No. 2, p. 5.
4.
George Ginsburgs, "The Soviet Judicial Elite: Is It?" Review of Socialist Law, Vol. 11, 1985, pp. 293-311. Many senior judges complained recently that few candidates are willing to serve as judges after acquiring five years of legal expertise. "Soveshchanie-seminar's predsedateliami kvalifikatsionnykh kollegii sudei Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 24-28 noiabria 1997 (v pansionate'Lesnye dali'; stenograficheskii otchet" (unpublished document).
4. Women also hold positions of authority in the courts, in 1997 representing 42.2% of district court chairmen. Women made up 3.5% of regional court chairs and 24.0% of their deputy chairs. See "A sud'i kto?" in Ogonek, 1996, No. 6, pp. 44-45. See also the review of court-staffing practices discussed at the President's Council on Judicial Reform on 10 October 1995. Reported in Rossiiskaia iustitsiia, 1996, No. 2, p. 5.

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Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables and Figures vii
  • Preface ix
  • Notes xii
  • Part One - Courts and Their Reform in Post-Soviet Russia 1
  • 1 - Judicial Reform in Russia: Politics and Policies 3
  • Notes 20
  • Part Two - Building Judicial Institutions 27
  • Notes 28
  • 2 - The Independence of Courts and Judges 29
  • Notes 43
  • 3 - The Autonomy and Accountability of Trial Court Judges 47
  • Notes 61
  • 4 - Jurisdiction, Power, and Prestige 67
  • Notes 85
  • 5 - Staffing the Courts: Recruitment and Training 92
  • Notes 108
  • Part Three - Improving Performance 111
  • Notes 112
  • 6 - The Administration of Justice: Simplification and Efficiency 114
  • Notes 135
  • 7 - Criminal Justice: the Pre-Trial Phase 142
  • Notes 157
  • 8 - Civil and Commercial Judgments: the Problem of Implementation 163
  • Notes 174
  • Part Four - Strategy: the Agenda for Reform *
  • 9 - What Remains to Be Done 177
  • Notes 193
  • Appendix A - Key Laws in Russian Judicial Reform (1991-1998) 199
  • Appendix B - Composite List of Recommendations 202
  • Appendix C - Survey of Judges: Selected Questions 206
  • Appendix D - List of Persons Consulted or Interviewed 211
  • Index 215
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