Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform

By Peter H. Solomon Jr.; Todd S. Foglesong | Go to book overview
6.7 Enhance the power and opportunities for judges to fine persons who fail to appear in court without excuse (witnesses, experts, and perhaps procurators and defense counsel).

Notes
1.
Data for Tables 6.1 to 6.5 are from the Department of Statistics, Supreme Court.
2.
The convocation of the 4th "Extraordinary" Congress of Judges in December 1996 was both preceded by and infused with predictions about the collapse of the courts and mass exodus of judges from the judiciary. Leading judicial figures flatly warned that "without decisive government action," the courts would "cease to operate." See, for example, the speech of Anatolyi Zherebtsov, Chairman of the Supreme Judicial Qualification Commission, at the Congress (on file with authors). See also the interview with V. M. Lebedev, "Nichto ne obkhoditsia strana tak dorogo kak deshevoe iustitsiia", Iuridicheskii vestnik, Oct. 1996, No. 21, p. 4. "Skol'ko mozhno nastupat' na grabli", Iuridicheskii vestnik, Dec. 1996, No. 25, p.4.
3.
The USSR Law on the Status of Judges ( 1989) was enacted when many judges refused to stand for re-election; and a similar Russian law ( 1992) also reflected signs of a crisis. For details, see Todd S. Foglesong, "The Politics of Judicial Independence and the Administration of Criminal Justice in Soviet Russia, 1982-1992", unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto, 1995, Chapters 4 and 5. Between 1994 and 1997, at several crucial junctures in the protracted crisis of the courts, the Russian government has improved the pay and benefits of judges. See the series of Presidential edicts, laws, and government decrees affecting judicial salaries in Sbornik normativnykh aktov o sude i statuse sudei RF ( Moscow, 1997).
4.
At the 10 October 1995 meeting of the President's Council on Judicial Reform, Dementev, then Head of the Department of Cadres of the Ministry of Justice, claimed that only 198 new judicial posts had been created since 1993, and that most of these were designed to accommodate the need for more judges in regional courts arising from the introduction of jury trials. Vladimir Radchenko, the First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Court, insisted at this meeting that another 4,302 judges were needed to cope with the growing caseload. He added that the Federal Program for Fighting Organized Crime in 1994 had envisioned increasing the size of the judiciary by 7,000 judges. "Rashifrovka zasedanii Soveta po sudebnoi reforme pri Prezidente RF ot 10 oktiabria 1995 goda"," unpublished document, p. 44.
5.
According to data obtained from the Ministry of Justice, the number of judicial posts in district level courts in Russia rose from 7,599 in 1987, to 12,526 in 1994. However, the number of judicial posts remained virtually unchanged since 1995. As of I January 1998, there were still only 12,740 judicial posts in district courts.

-135-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables and Figures vii
  • Preface ix
  • Notes xii
  • Part One - Courts and Their Reform in Post-Soviet Russia 1
  • 1 - Judicial Reform in Russia: Politics and Policies 3
  • Notes 20
  • Part Two - Building Judicial Institutions 27
  • Notes 28
  • 2 - The Independence of Courts and Judges 29
  • Notes 43
  • 3 - The Autonomy and Accountability of Trial Court Judges 47
  • Notes 61
  • 4 - Jurisdiction, Power, and Prestige 67
  • Notes 85
  • 5 - Staffing the Courts: Recruitment and Training 92
  • Notes 108
  • Part Three - Improving Performance 111
  • Notes 112
  • 6 - The Administration of Justice: Simplification and Efficiency 114
  • Notes 135
  • 7 - Criminal Justice: the Pre-Trial Phase 142
  • Notes 157
  • 8 - Civil and Commercial Judgments: the Problem of Implementation 163
  • Notes 174
  • Part Four - Strategy: the Agenda for Reform *
  • 9 - What Remains to Be Done 177
  • Notes 193
  • Appendix A - Key Laws in Russian Judicial Reform (1991-1998) 199
  • Appendix B - Composite List of Recommendations 202
  • Appendix C - Survey of Judges: Selected Questions 206
  • Appendix D - List of Persons Consulted or Interviewed 211
  • Index 215
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 222

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.