Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview
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These results indicate that musically skilled participants seem to be able to process the musically originated sounds more quickly. A possible explanation is that for them there is less interference, because they are able to use the musical aspects instead of integrating contingencies.
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Conclusions
Earlier experimental results are confirmed by these findings: having accessory information in the auditory modality causes a significant delay in reaction times. Also the results are confirmed that when the auditory information is incongruent with the visual information, the delay is greatest.For musically skilled people, the effect of the accessory information could be different, because the contingencies they perceive in both modalities are different from those for musically unskilled people.In designing interfaces having additional sound may not always facilitate the interaction and the effect may not be the same for everyone. It is our goal to provide a theoretical framework for these findings.
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References
Howard, I. O., & Templeton, W. B. ( 1966). Human Spatial Orientation. London: Wiley.
Brennan, S. E. ( 1990). Conversation as direct manipulation: An iconoclastic view. In B. K. Laurel (Ed.), The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Brewster, S. A. ( 1994). Providing a Structured Method for Integrating NonSpeech Audio into Human-Computer Interfaces. Doctoral dissertation, University of York, England.
Bussemakers, M. P., & de A. Haan ( 1998). Using Earcons and Icons in Categorisation Tasks to Improve Multimedia Interfaces. Proceedings of ICAD'98, Glasgow, UK:The British Computer Society.
Bussemakers M.P., & de Haan, A. Getting in touch with your moods: using sound in interfaces. Submitted.

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