Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview
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A Multimedia System to collect, manage and
search in narrative productions
Gabriella Spinelli
School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences,
University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton U.K.This research shows how new information and communication technology can support the community's knowledge base, providing the community members with non-intrusive tools and suitable procedures for saving, improving and transmitting cultural identity. The prototype of the system I'm going to discuss is a multimedia archive where oral memory plays the main role. The term oral memory stands for a set of knowledge which belongs to the community, has been augmented by time, and is essentially the users' history.The oral memory has been elicited and transmitted through face-to-face interactions for three centuries. The only external signs of this implicit knowledge are the physical objects collected by the community. They don't have any meaning if not linked to that knowledge even if they are the unique guides through which people out of the community or new members of it can be connected to the socio-cultural heritage.
1
The Context
Sienna is a town in Tuscany ( Italy) divided into seventeen neighborhoods (contrade7. The Nicchio, one of them, consists of 3000 people and it was the context of this research. As a matter of fact social events are the main communication channel the contrada's members use, chiefly because the direct interaction among the people o the contrada allows an effective forum for the exchange of the information and preserves and improves the community's ethnic identity. The majority of the cultural heritage is stored in the form of oral tales, and mainly by the oldest Nicchio's members.The potential value of the system prototype consists in two functionalities it is able to support within this environment:
- information management, allowing collection, storage and search activities through the cultural and historical heritage the community members have amassed and wish to honour over time;

-451-

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