that might be the problem and causes further problems over the entire process! Than the question is, if the end-user involvement in the early stage of problem solving is as reasonable as it seems to be, and leads to the need of a better comprehension between designer and users before the definition of the problem. The latter is naturally the start of a project, but has to be seen as a section of interactions-recognition and interpretations-understanding. It is the objective of the B-VOR model to communicate this importance of mutual interpretation presenting. But who is at least the designer in participatory design? It is as before the designer, as a designer of the co-operative process (Figure 5)!
Figure 5: The B-VOR model of participatory Design
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Publication information: Book title: Human-Computer Interaction:Ergonomics and User Interfaces. Volume: 1. Contributors: Hans-Jörg Bullinger - Editor, Jürgen Ziegler - Editor. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ. Publication year: 1999. Page number: 1166.