Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview
Save to active project

DISTRIBUTED EXPERT SYSTEM FOR INTERACTIVE REASONING AND EVALUATION

Celestine A. Ntuen and Eui H. Park The Institute for Human-Machine Studies, College of Engineering North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC 27411 USA


1
INTRODUCTION

The forms in which information is presented to the decision maker (DM) has been a research topic of interest in Human Factors and Cognitive Science arena (see, e.g. Freedy & Johnson, 1982; MacGregor & Slovic, 1986; Wickens & Kramer, 1985, Jones, Wickens, & Deutsch, 1990). Significant part of these studies deal with how DMs make their decisions with computer graphics or intelligent decision aids ( Benbasat & Dexter, 1985; Desanctis, 1984; Dickinson, Desanctis & McBride, 1986). The basic measures used are decision accuracy, decision time, and the ability to predict effect of uncertainties ( Zachary, 1986). Other studies have attempted to measure cognitive effort and mental workload (Payne, Bettman, & Johnson, 1990; Todd & Benbasat, 1994), and meta-analysis of decision trade-off protocol ( Beach & Mitchel, 1978; Johnson, Payne, & Bettman, 1988). Most of these studies use business and economic data, and are often simplified with respect to data display rendering (dimensionality effect: 2D, versus 3D, etc.).

In the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) domain, one of the objectives of designing display and visualization aids is to enhance the human cognitive usability of the system. In general, a cognitive model is a dominant criterion in information display and visualization tools. This paper presents an experimental study conducted to assess the effects of information display and visualization on cognitive reasoning skills of the human operator. The domain application is a simulated, scaled-down version of tactical decision-making ( Ntuen, Chi & Park; Ntuen, Mountjoy & Yarbrough, 1998).


2
COGNITIVE REASONING

Cognitive reasoning was selected for the study because reasoning accuracy is known to generally correlate to the degree of correspondence between the decision task and decision maker's level of experience ( Hammond, Hamm, Grassia, & Pearson, 1987).

-1182-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Human-Computer Interaction: Ergonomics and User Interfaces - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 1356

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?