THE KOREAN WAR
THE EMERGENCE OF
On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces launched a large-scale, carefully planned attack on South Korea. This North Korean aggression was inspired and planned by the Soviet Union,1 and it appears to have been designed primarily to disrupt the American plan for concluding a separate peace treaty with Japan and to frighten Japan away from America by a demonstration of Communist strength and American weakness. In Soviet calculations, even if it should fail to achieve this principal aim, the conquest of South Korea would improve the defensive and offensive position of the Communist bloc against an eventual American-Japanese alliance.2 The Soviet plan apparently rested on the assumption that the United____________________
For a statement of the opposite view, see Wilbur H. Hitchcock, "North Korea Jumps the Gun", Current History, March, 1951, pp. 136-44.