Worthy Partner: The Papers of Martha Washington

By Joseph E. Fields; Martha Washington | Go to book overview

- which I hope will in some measure reconcile you to your very great loss of her, - I must one to you that she was the greatest favorite I had in the world - it will always give me the greatest pleasure, if I could be usefull to you or the children in any thing - be pleased to let me know - I have often wished that fortune had plased us nearer to each other - and particularly at this time when I should have it in my power to take care of the Dear children - I hope Mrs Stith4 or Mrs Aylett5 will stay with you for that purpose at least for a sort time - I sincearly wish your recovery and pray god to enable you to support yourself under your great affliction - and bless your children - I am with love to them and all inquiring Friends

My Dear Brother your ever
affectionate
Martha Washington

ALS, PPRF.

1.
Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett, Mrs. Washington's sister, died at Eltham, December 17, 1777.
2.
Nelly Custis was far advanced in her pregnancy. She delivered her third daughter, Martha Parke Custis on December 31, 1777. Her first daughter died shortly after her birth.
3.
Frances (Fanny) Bassett ( 1767-1796) came to live at Mount Vernon in 1784. There she met a widower, Major George Augustine Washington, nephew of General Washington and acting as manager of the estates. They were married on October 15, 1785. After his death in 1793 she married Tobias Lear, secretary to the General, during as well as after the presidential years. They were married early in August, 1795. Fanny died in late March, 1796. Most of Mrs. Washington's surviving correspondence was with Fanny Bassett Washington Lear.
4.
Probably Joanna Stith, sister of Burwell Bassett, Sr. Harris, 1:45.
5.
Mary Macon Aylett, wife of Col. William Aylett of Fairfield.

To -

I had nothing but kindness everywhere on my journey. The travelling was pretty rough. I found snow in crossing Delaware, and at an inn on Brandywine Creek, at a ford, where I lodged, the snow was so deep in the roads in some places, that I had to leave the chariot with the innkeeper and hire a farm sleigh to bring me here. The General is well, but much worn with fatique and anxiety. I never knew him to be so anxious as now, for the poor soldiers are without sufficient clothing and food, and many of them are barefooted. Oh how my heart pains for them. 1

Text taken from Lossing Mary and Martha, p. 165.

1.
Lossing states the letter was written shortly after Mrs. Washington's arrival at headquarters at Whitemarsh, and after the British raid on December 7, 1777. He cites G.W.P. Custis as his authority. There is no evidence that Mrs. Washington was ever at the Whitemarsh headquarters. In December, 1777 she was still in Virginia and did not arrive at Valley Forge until February 2nd or 3rd, 1778. See infra, letter of MW to Mercy Otis Warren, March 7, 1778. In a letter from GW to John Parke Custis, February 1, 1778 he states Mrs. Washington left Mount Vernon January 26, 1778; Writings, 10:414 and n. If this is an authentic

-176-

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Worthy Partner: The Papers of Martha Washington
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents ix
  • Editorial Method xi
  • Symbols Designating Documents xiii
  • Repository Symbols xv
  • Introduction xvii
  • Notes to the Introduction xxxvi
  • I- The Young Widow Custis, 1757-1759 1
  • I- The Young Widow Custis, 1757-1759 3
  • From Epaphroditus Howle 4
  • From Epaphroditus Howle 4
  • From John Roan 5
  • To Robert Cary and Company 5
  • To Robert Cary and Company 6
  • To Robert Cary and Company 6
  • To Robert Cary and Company 6
  • From Benjamin Waller 7
  • From Elizabeth Vaughan 8
  • Power of Attorney 8
  • Power of Attorney 9
  • Power of Attorney 9
  • Power of Attorney 10
  • Power of Attorney 10
  • Power of Attorney 10
  • Power of Attorney 10
  • Power of Attorney 11
  • Power of Attorney 11
  • Power of Attorney 11
  • Power of Attorney 11
  • Power of Attorney 11
  • Power of Attorney 12
  • Power of Attorney 12
  • From Robert Cary and Company 13
  • Power of Attorney 13
  • Power of Attorney 14
  • Power of Attorney 14
  • Power of Attorney 15
  • From George Taylor 16
  • Power of Attorney 16
  • Power of Attorney 16
  • From James Gildart 17
  • From James Gildart 18
  • From James Gildart 20
  • To John Hanbury & Company 21
  • To John Hanbury & Company 21
  • To John Hanbury & Company 22
  • To John Hanbury & Company 22
  • To John Hanbury & Company 22
  • From William Macon 23
  • From Robert Clopton 23
  • From George Heath 23
  • From George Heath 23
  • From George Heath 25
  • From George Heath 25
  • From George Heath 25
  • From George Heath 25
  • From George Heath 28
  • From George Heath 28
  • From John Mercer 29
  • From Robert Crawford 31
  • From Robert Crawford 31
  • From Robert Crawford 32
  • From Robert Crawford 33
  • From Robert Crawford 33
  • From Robert Crawford 33
  • From Robert Crawford 33
  • From Robert Crawford 34
  • From Robert Crawford 34
  • From George Brett 35
  • From Robert Cary and Company 35
  • From Robert Cary and Company 35
  • From Robert Cary and Company 36
  • From Robert Cary and Company 36
  • From Charles Crump 37
  • To Robert Stephenson 37
  • To John Case 37
  • To John Case 38
  • To John Case 38
  • To John Case 38
  • To John Case 38
  • From William PoIndexter 39
  • From Richard Usrey 39
  • From John Mercer 39
  • From John Mercer 40
  • From John Mercer 40
  • From Epaphroditus Howle 41
  • From James Gildart 41
  • From Robert Cary and Company 41
  • From Robert Cary and Company 41
  • From Robert Cary and Company 42
  • From James Gildart 43
  • To Robert Cary & Company 43
  • To Robert Cary & Company 44
  • From John Wheldon 45
  • From James Wheldon 45
  • From Capel Hanbury 46
  • From John Mercer 46
  • From Capel and Osgood Hanbury 47
  • From Robert Cary and Company 48
  • From John Hazelgrove 49
  • From Sarah Ragland 49
  • From Joseph Pond 50
  • From Epaphroditus Howle 50
  • From John Richmond 51
  • From Andrew Marr 52
  • From Adam Coxen 52
  • To Thomas Horner 53
  • From Capel and Osgood Hanbury 53
  • From Capel and Osgood Hanbury 54
  • From Capel and Osgood Hanbury 55
  • From Capel and Osgood Hanbury 56
  • From Robert Cary & Company 57
  • From Charles Whitlock 58
  • From Robert Bowis 58
  • From Burbidge & Armistead 58
  • From Burbidge & Armistead 59
  • From Burbidge & Armistead 59
  • From Burbidge & Armistead 60
  • II- Young Mrs. Washington, 1759-1774 77
  • From James Gildart 79
  • To Bartholomew Dandridge 81
  • George Washington''s Queries to John Mercer and Mercer''s Answers 82
  • From Capel & Osgood Hanbury 93
  • Account of Items in the Estate Sold 123
  • Account of Items in the Estate Sold 123
  • From Dr. James Carter 123
  • Report of the Commissioners Appointed by the General Court to Settle the Estate of Daniel Parke Custis 127
  • From Capel & Osgood Hanbury 128
  • From Capel & Osgood Hanbury 128
  • The Estate of Danl P. Custis Esqr. Decd 131
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 131
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 134
  • From Richard Adams 135
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 135
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 136
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 136
  • To Mrs. Margaret Green 137
  • Inventory of the Estate of Daniel Parke Custis 147
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 148
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 149
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 149
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 150
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 151
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 151
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 151
  • From John Parke Custis 152
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 153
  • To Elizabeth Ramsay 154
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 154
  • To Robert Cary and Company 155
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 155
  • III- The Revolutionary Period, 1775-1783 157
  • From George Washington 159
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 160
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 161
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 162
  • From George Gilpin 163
  • To Mr. Devenport 163
  • To Elizabeth Ramsay 164
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 166
  • To Anna Maria Bassett 166
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 168
  • From John Parke Custis 168
  • From John Parke Custis 170
  • To Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett 172
  • To Lund Washington 173
  • To Joseph Reed 173
  • To Joseph Reed 174
  • To Joseph Reed 175
  • To Joseph Reed 176
  • To Joseph Reed 180
  • To Joseph Reed 181
  • To Joseph Reed 182
  • To Joseph Reed 182
  • To Joseph Reed 183
  • To Joseph Reed 183
  • To Joseph Reed 184
  • To Joseph Reed 184
  • To Charles Willson Peale 185
  • From Charles Willson Peale 185
  • To - 186
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 186
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 187
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 188
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 189
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 189
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 190
  • IV- Return to Mount Vernon- The Period of Peace, 1784-1788 191
  • To Hannah Stockton Boudinot 193
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 194
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 195
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 196
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 197
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 200
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 202
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 205
  • From Mrs. Martha Mortier 207
  • To Mrs. Ann Welsh 209
  • V- The Presidential Era, 1789-1797 211
  • To John Dandridge 213
  • From Col. Clement Biddle 214
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 215
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 217
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 217
  • To Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton 218
  • From Mrs. Ann Willis 218
  • To Dr. David Stuart 218
  • To Dr. David Stuart 219
  • To Dr. David Stuart 219
  • To Dr. David Stuart 221
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 223
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 225
  • To Robert Morris 225
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 225
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 225
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 227
  • To Mercy Otis Warren 227
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 228
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 229
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 229
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 230
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 231
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 231
  • To Colonel Clement Biddle 232
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 233
  • From John Dandridge 234
  • From Anonymous 235
  • From Anonymous 236
  • From John Lamb 236
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 237
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 238
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 238
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 239
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 239
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 240
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 240
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 241
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 241
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 242
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 242
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 243
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 243
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 244
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 244
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 244
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 245
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 245
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 246
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 246
  • From Fanny Bassett Washington 247
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 247
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 248
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 248
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 248
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 248
  • To Abigail Smith Adams 248
  • From the Editors of the Ladies'' Magazine 249
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 249
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 250
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 250
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 251
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 251
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 252
  • To Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton 253
  • To Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton 253
  • To Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton 253
  • From the Countess of Buchan 254
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 254
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 255
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 256
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 257
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 258
  • To Mary Ann Aitken 259
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 259
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 260
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 261
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 262
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 263
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 263
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 263
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 263
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 264
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 264
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 264
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 265
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 265
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 267
  • From Fanny Bassett Washington 268
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 268
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 270
  • From Fanny Bassett Washington 271
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 271
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 272
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 273
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 275
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 276
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 276
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 277
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 278
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 279
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 280
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 281
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 281
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 281
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 282
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 282
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 282
  • From R. G. C. Clifford 283
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 283
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 285
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 285
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 286
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 286
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 287
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 287
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 288
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 288
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 289
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 289
  • To Fanny Bassett Washington 290
  • To Thomas Law 291
  • To Thomas Law 291
  • From John Trumbull 292
  • From John Trumbull 292
  • From John Trumbull 293
  • From John Trumbull 293
  • From John Trumbull 294
  • From John Trumbull 294
  • To Eleanor Parke Custis 296
  • To John Trumbull 296
  • To Catherine Littlefield Greene Miller 297
  • From John Trumbull 297
  • VI- Under Our Own Vine and Fig Tree, 1797-1799 299
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 301
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 302
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 303
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 304
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 305
  • To Mrs Elizabeth Powel 307
  • To Elizabeth Dandridge Henley 308
  • To Elizabeth Willing Powel 309
  • To Mrs. Bryan Fairfax 311
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 311
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 313
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 314
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 317
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 319
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 319
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 321
  • From Elizabeth Willing Powel 322
  • VII- Alas, Alone- Widow Washington, 1799-1802 323
  • From Maria S. Ross 325
  • From Abigail Smith Adams 326
  • From Mary Stead Pinckney 326
  • From Mary White Morris 326
  • From Mary White Morris 331
  • From Mary White Morris 331
  • From Mary White Morris 332
  • From Mary White Morris 333
  • From Mary White Morris 333
  • From Colonel William Stephens Smith 334
  • From Elias Boudinot 334
  • From Alexander Hamilton 335
  • From Elizabeth Spottswood 335
  • From _____ Huntington 336
  • From Bushrod Washington 336
  • To Maria S. Ross 337
  • To Colonel William Stephens Smith 337
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 337
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 339
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 339
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 340
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 340
  • From the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts 340
  • From Samuel Bayard 341
  • To Elias Boudinot 341
  • To Elias Boudinot 341
  • To Alexander Hamilton 342
  • From Joseph Scott 342
  • From Bushrod Washington 342
  • From Bushrod Washington 342
  • From Bushrod Washington 344
  • From Bushrod Washington 345
  • From Richard Varick 348
  • From Richard Washington 348
  • From Theodore Sedgwick 348
  • Tobias Lear to Samuel Bayard 349
  • To Mrs. Martha Laurens Ramsay 351
  • From a Society of Females 351
  • From a Society of Females 352
  • From a Society of Females 353
  • From a Society of Females 353
  • To Uzal Ogden 354
  • From a Society of Females 354
  • From Catherine Garretson 357
  • To Theodore Sedgwick 359
  • From Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette 359
  • From Reverend D. Rogers 359
  • From Reverend Mason Locke Weems 360
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 360
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 362
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 362
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 363
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 364
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 364
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 365
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 366
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 366
  • From Janet Livingston Montgomery 366
  • From Bishop James Madison 367
  • From Reverend James Kemp 367
  • To Theodore Foster 367
  • To Theodore Foster 368
  • To Theodore Foster 368
  • To Timothy Pickering 369
  • From Julia Bowen, Mary B. Howell, Abby Chace, & Sarah Halsey 369
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 369
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 370
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 371
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 371
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 371
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 372
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 373
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 374
  • From William Cunningham, Jr 374
  • From William Griffith 375
  • From John Dexter 375
  • From John Dexter 375
  • From John Dexter 376
  • From John Dexter 377
  • From John Dexter 377
  • To Reverend James Kemp 378
  • To General Henry Lee 378
  • To Timothy Pickering 378
  • To Timothy Pickering 379
  • To Timothy Pickering 379
  • To Timothy Pickering 379
  • From John Russell and John West 381
  • To Dr. John Lemoyere 381
  • To John Dexter 382
  • To John Russell and John West 382
  • To Mons. A. Belin 383
  • To William Cunningham 383
  • From Bartholomew Dandridge 384
  • From Sir John Sinclair 384
  • From Sir John Sinclair 385
  • To Reverend Mr. Moffatt 386
  • To Reverend Joseph Willard 386
  • To Reverend Joseph Willard 387
  • From David Humphreys 388
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 390
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 391
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 392
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 392
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 394
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 395
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 396
  • Thomas Peter to Lawrence Lewis 397
  • To Robert Lewis 398
  • To Colonel Richard Varick 398
  • To George Washington Parke Custis 400
  • To Winthrop Sargent 400
  • To Winthrop Sargent 401
  • To Winthrop Sargent 401
  • To - 402
  • To Mrs. John Beale Bordley 402
  • To Mr. Foster 402
  • To Mr. Foster 403
  • To Mr. Foster 403
  • To Eleanor Park Custis 404
  • To Mrs. George Clinton 404
  • To Mrs. George Clinton 405
  • To Mrs. George Clinton 405
  • Appendixes 419
  • Appendix I- The Marriage of Martha Dandridge and Daniel Parke Curtis the Parke, Custis, Jones, and Dandridge Families 421
  • Bibliography 479
  • Index 483
  • About the Compiler 503
  • Recent Titles in Contributions in American History 505
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