Critical Essays on Alice Walker

By Ikenna Dieke | Go to book overview
superiority" (70). Daly goes on to insist that even the reform theologians who interpret Christ as a symbol miss the point that the historical use of the "symbol" to oppress indicates "some inherent deficiency in the symbol itself" (72).
6.
Mary Daly chapter The Bonds of Freedom: Sisterhood as Antichurch explains the rationale for such a reformist gesture: "The development of sisterhood is a unique threat, for it is directed against the basic social and psychic model of hierarchy and dominion upon which authoritarian religion as authoritarian depends for survival" (133).
7.
See Darwin T. Turner "Introduction" to Cane xxii-xxiii. For other aspects of Toomer's messianic self-image, see page xi of the "Introduction".
8.
The eyes of Truman Held's own "Judge," Meridian Hill, have a similar effect upon Truman: "There was something dark, Truman thought, a shadow that seemed to swing, like the pendulum of a clock, or like a blade, behind her open, candid eyes, that made one feel condemned. That made one think of the guillotine" ( Meridian139).
9.
See Kerman and Eldridge (74) on Meridian Hill. When we consider the implications of the name Meridian, we should also note the central importance of the poem Blue Meridian as Toomer's attempt at racial and cultural self-definition. See Kerman and Eldridge (80-8) for a discussion of Blue Meridian (originally titled The First American).
10.
Martha J. McGowan points out that the working title for Meridian was Atonement and Release (29).

WORKS CITED

Awkward Michael. Inspiriting Influences: Tradition, Revision, and Afro-American Women's Novels. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Barthes Roland. "From Work to Text". Textual Strategies: Perspectives in Post- Structuralist Criticism. Ed. Joshua V. Harari, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1979, 73-81.

"Characters in Search of a Book". Newsweek 21 June 1982: 67.

Daly Mary. Beyond God the Father: Toward a Philosophy of Women's Liberation. Boston: Beacon, 1973.

Gates Henry Louis Jr. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Kerman Cynthia Earl, and Richard Eldridge. The Lives of Jean Toomer: A Hunger for Wholeness. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.

McGowan Martha J. "Atonement and Release in Alice Walker's Meridian." Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 23. 1 ( 1981): 25-36.

Taylor Mark C. "Text as Victim.". Deconstruction and Theology. Ed. Thomas J. J. Altizer. New York: Crossroad, 1982. 58-78.

Toomer Jean. Cane. 1923, New York: Liveright, 1975.

Walker Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982.

_____. Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful: Poems. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986.

_____. In Love & Trouble: Stories of Black Women. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.

_____. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens: Womanist Prose. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983.

_____. Living by the Word: Selected Writings, 1973- 1987. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988.

_____. Meridian. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976.

_____. The Temple of My Familiar. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989.

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