Japan brought to the Commission's attention the Kyoto Declaration and Plan of Action on the Sustainable Contribution of Fisheries to Food Security, adopted in December 1995 by the 95 states participating in the Kyoto Conference. Four CCAMLR states participating at the time made a joint clarifying statement that, "[i]t was not intended that the provisions of the Kyoto Declaration and Plan of Action would affect the competency of, or change the current status in, other international organizations, including the International Whaling Commission." The Commission welcomed the Kyoto Declaration and Plan of Action without indicating how its provisions might be relevant to CCAMLR.
The Commission decided on a new formula for financial contributions from members, taking better account of the relative market value of harvested species. It also noted that the increase in fisheries, monitoring, and data collection were creating a data management crisis for it, including increasing financial and technical demands, that would need to be addressed.
The 16th meeting of the Commission was scheduled for 27 October through 7 November 1997, in Hobart, Tasmania. In 1996, Uruguay became a full member of the CCAMLR Commission, bringing the number of Commission members to 23 out of a total of 29 states parties to the Convention.
Jeffrey D. Kovar*
1996 was perhaps, the most significant year since the end of the Cold War in terms of facilitating international cooperation among the Arctic nations. A Third Ministerial Conference on the Protection of the Arctic Environment in Inuvik, Canada, in March, produced the (→) Inuvik Declaration on Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development in the Arctic and the Report of the Third Ministerial Conference on the Protection of the Arctic Environment. Negotiations toward an Arctic Council (which had started in 1995 and been put aside at year's end to prepare for the Inuvik Ministerial) recommenced in 1996, with sessions held in Ottawa in April, June, August, and September, culminating in the (→) Declaration on the Establishment of the Arctic Council, signed 19 September.____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Yearbook of International Environmental Law. Volume: 7. Contributors: Günther Handl - Editor, Jutta Brunnée - AssociateEditor, Philippe Sands - AssociateEditor. Publisher: Clarendon Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1998. Page number: 201.