Yearbook of International Environmental Law - Vol. 7

By Günther Handl; Jutta Brunnée et al. | Go to book overview

IX. INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

1. INTERNATIONAL TRADE RULES, WORLD MARKET CONDITIONS, AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

(1) The World Trade Organization (WTO)

(a) The Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) and the Singapore Ministerial Declaration

The CTE of the WTO met seven times in 1996. This activity culminated in the preparation and adoption of a Report of the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE Report) to the WTO Ministerial Conference, held in Singapore in December. The work program of the CTE was established by the Marrakesh Ministerial Declaration on Trade and Environment (see 5 YbIEL283 ( 1994)), which instructed the CTE to present a report to the first biennial Ministerial Conference. The CTE Report and related documents can be found at the WTO website (http://www.wto.org).

The CTE Report starts with a background discussion and an analysis of proposals regarding 10 principal items, followed by the conclusions and recommendations on the CTE. On the whole, the discussion and analysis of the relationship between trading rules and environmental effects in the CTE Report reflects a divergence in the perspectives of industrialized and developing WTO members that applies across a wide range of international economic issues. Industrialized members express concern with maintaining flexibility to apply environmental protection measures in accordance with their perceptions of national and regional interest. Developing countries express concern that this flexibility will result in the adoption of measures that will disproportionately restrict their opportunities to achieve effective market access for their exports. Both the industrialized and developing members are able to identify language in documents from the UN Conference on Environment and Development that support their differing perspectives on these questions.

One of the major items that the CTE considered is the relationship between the WTO agreements and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), including their respective dispute settlement mechanisms. The CTE stressed that there has never been a dispute involving an allegation of conflict between the provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/ WTO agreements and an MEA. Nevertheless, a number of members tabled proposals for clarifying the relationship between the WTO agreements and MEAS. Similar proposals from the European Union and Switzerland sug

-252-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Yearbook of International Environmental Law - Vol. 7
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 766

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.