In Oceania in 1996 the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) Action Plan was revised and the Noumea and Apia Conventions were integrated more closely with its work. Fisheries dominated environmental lawmaking activities.
Niue acceded to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) on 28 February. Activities to assist member activities to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change continued through the SPREP. Sea level monitoring stations have been installed in 11 countries and five countries completed sea level rise vulnerability assessments. Funding was approved (see infra "Global Environment Facility") to launch the CC:Train program, to train officials in implementation of the FCCC, and the Pacific Island Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP), to facilitate national communication obligations.
Niue acceded to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on 28 February, bringing the number of South Pacific state parties to twelve. Efforts to implement the CBD at the regional level are managed through the SPREP, primarily under the South Pacific Biological Conservation Programme, which emphasizes capacity building for government and community participation. Several conservation area projects incorporating these elements have been established. This work is supplemented by the Natural Resources Conservation Programme which implements Regional Species Conservation Programmes, focusing on threatened species.
Nauru ratified the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea on 23 January and Palau acceded to it on 30 September. Each notified their participation in the Agreement Implementing Part XI (Deep Seabed), Nauru doing so on 23 January and Palau on 31 July. Participation in global and regional fisheries agreements are examined under fisheries activities, below.
On 1 February, Tonga ratified or acceded to a wide range of conventions for the protection of the marine environment, apparently culminating a wide- ranging review of its participation. The conventions were the: International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, including Annexes III
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Publication information: Book title: Yearbook of International Environmental Law. Volume: 7. Contributors: Günther Handl - Editor, Jutta Brunnée - AssociateEditor, Philippe Sands - AssociateEditor. Publisher: Clarendon Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1998. Page number: 345.