FCCC by providing an analysis of compliance mechanisms in existing agreements. Participants believed that emissions reduction targets could be crucial in providing market signals for the development of clean technologies and world-wide technology transfer; that the role of the FCCC on the promotion of clean technology transfer should be reevaluated; and that the issue should be discussed with developing countries, the private sector, aid agencies, and multilateral development banks. Participants also believed that joint implementation and emissions trading might play a significant role in ensuring national flexibility and cost effectiveness in efforts to achieve the overall objective of the Convention, but that these mechanisms had to be further developed at a practical level in order to become viable options.
The OECD Climate Change Programme is intended to assist OECD and non- OECD countries with implementation of the FCCC. Perhaps most importantly, the OECD has made a major contribution to the development of improved methodologies for use in national communications, notably for greenhouse gas inventories, but also for production methods. The work of the OECD on national communications formed the basis for decisions by the Conference of the Parties.
Under the guidance of the Annex I Expert Group (an ad hoc body), the OECD Secretariat is analyzing alternative policies and measures to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. The policy studies include: sectoral studies on transport, electricity, agriculture, and forestry; policy instrument studies on carbon/energy taxation, emission trading, voluntary agreements with industry, and product standards; and special studies on marine bunker fuel taxes and aviation fuel taxes, as well as financing energy efficiency in countries with economies in transition. By early 1997, around 15 papers will have been distributed to the parties of the FCCC.
Louise de La Fayette*
The Treaty of Pelindaba (UNGA A/50/426) was signed at Cairo on April 11. The text was prepared by a joint UN-OAU Committee of Experts, with the assistance of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Article 1 defines the zone as comprising the African continent, island state members of the OAU, and islands considered by the OAU to be part of Africa.
Of particular relevance from the point of view of environmental protection are provisions banning nuclear testing and regulating the dumping of____________________