pertaining to indigenous peoples. When finalized, each of these policies will be available on the Bank's world wide web site (www.worldbank.org). Further, rewriting and discussion continued with NGOs and other interested groups concerning the development of the World Bank Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook. When released in 1997, the Handbook will replace the World Bank Environmental Guidelines ( 1988). The handbook, prepared in collaboration with UNEP, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, and the World Health Organization contains extensive references to normally acceptable pollution levels relevant to over 60 types of industries as reported through UN organizations and major national and regional environmental protection agencies. It also contains a number of statements addressing policy approaches to the prevention and management of pollution, including descriptions of available pollution control technology.
Under a joint IFC/GEF program, mechanisms are being developed to provide financing enabling small and medium-sized enterprises (SMES) to address GEF initiatives. IFC has selected five of about six intermediaries that will each identify and fund several SMEs undertaking biodiversity conservation and global warming projects. Each intermediary will receive subsidized loans that it will then use to provide debt or equity financing to SME projects that address GEF objectives. If successful, the mechanisms for selecting, funding, supervising, and evaluating SME projects during this phase will become the basis of a larger program.
Charles E. Di Leva
Mohammed A. Bekhechi
Laurence Boisson de Chazournes
[Editors' Note: No significant new developments; for a review of the ICJ's Advisory Opinion on the Request by the WHA, see instead entry "XI.2. International Court of Justice (ICJ)"].
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Publication information: Book title: Yearbook of International Environmental Law. Volume: 7. Contributors: Günther Handl - Editor, Jutta Brunnée - AssociateEditor, Philippe Sands - AssociateEditor. Publisher: Clarendon Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1998. Page number: 480.
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