The Fertility Transition in Latin America

By JosÉ Miguel GuzmÁn; Susheela Singh et al. | Go to book overview
occurred in the context of rapid social change, characterized, among other factors, by advances in the schooling of children, the growth of urbanization, easier access to the mass media, etc. However, the mechanisms by which these patterns of social change have contributed to an increase in the rate of fertility decline are still largely unknown.The profound economic and social crises that have occurred in a number of Latin American and Caribbean countries over the last fifteen years actually highlight the weaknesses of the long-accepted hypothesis of the adoption by 'imitation' of the small-family model, in a context of 'modernization'. However, the alternative hypothesis, according to which the decline in fertility is an adaptive response to the increasing difficulties of survival faced by the people of Latin America and the Caribbean, still has to be verified empirically.
References
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Bongaarts, J. ( 1982), "'The Fertility-Inhibiting Effects of the Intermediate Fertility Variables'", Studies in Family Planning, 13/ 6-7 ( June-July 1982): 179-89.
Caribbean Family Planning Affiliation (CFPA) ( 1989), Results of 1987-1988 Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys ( Antigua).
Cayemittes, M., and Chahnazarian, A. ( 1989), Survie et santé de l'enfant en Haïti ( Port au Prince: Institut Haïtien de l'Enfance).
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----- ( 1985), 'Evolutions démographiques et politiques de population dans la Caraëbe', Doctoral thesis in economics of development, Université de Droit et de Sciences Économiques de Clermont-Ferrand.
----- ( 1982), Demographic Trends in Guadeloupe (Caribbean Family Planning Affiliation, Occasional Papers, 1 (Aug.); St John's, Antigua).
----- and Simmons, A. ( 1988), 'Les Migrations caraëbéennes, pour une lecture historicostructurelle', Paper presented at the Journées Démographiques de l'ORSTOM on Migration, Changements Sociaux et Développement, Paris, 20-2 Sept. 1988.

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