The Fertility Transition in Latin America

By JosÉ Miguel GuzmÁn; Susheela Singh et al. | Go to book overview
births by age of mother found in the different socio-economic groups, as well as the differences in the various data sources. Another important factor might be that, when women of reproductive age are interviewed, first-born children and those of young mothers belong preferentially to periods in which infant mortality was higher.Among the various methods available for measuring the impact of fertility decline on infant mortality, those that are based on changes in birth distribution (in terms of birth order, age of mother and spacing) seem to be the most appropriate. These techniques also make it possible to measure the interaction among the different factors, which has been quite considerable in studies based on vital statistics. It is also important to take into account the effect that fertility decline exerts on birth distributions among different socio-economic groups.The proportion of the decline in infant mortality that can be attributed to a reduction in fertility varies in different studies, but it seldom exceeds 30 per cent. While this may well be due to the fact that insufficient information is available to measure the entire effect of fertility decline, it should also be interpreted as suggesting that a number of other factors have an impact on levels and trends of infant mortality. Primary health care programmes, improved levels of education, urbanization, the availability of safe drinking water, and the more equitable distribution of income, among other factors, all strongly influence a population's health conditions and the probabilities of survival. This does not detract however from the importance of the beneficial effects that fertility decline appears to have on maternal and child health.
References
Acsadi Associates ( 1985), Family Planning and the Well-being of Women and Children ( London: International Planned Parenthood Federation).
Acsadi, G. T. F., and Johnson-Acsadi, G. ( 1986), Optimum Conditions for Childbearing ( London: International Planned Parenthood Federation).
Bongaarts, J. ( 1987). "'Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality Rates?'", Population and Development Review, 13/ 2: 323-34.
Buchanan, R. ( 1976), Efecto de la Paridad en la Salud Materna (Informes Médicos Serie J, No. 8; Washington: George Washington University).
Desplanques, G. ( 1986), "'50 ans de fécondité en France: Rangs et intervalles entre naissances'", Population, 41/2): 233-58.
Hobcraft, J. N. ( 1987), "'Does Family Planning Save Children's Lives?'", Technical background paper prepared for the International Conference on Better Health for Women and Children through Family Planning, Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 Oct., cited in Bongaarts ( 1987).
----- MacDonald, J. W, and Rutstein, S. O. ( 1983), "'Child-Spacing Effects on Infant and Early Childhood Mortality'", Population Index 49/4: 585-618.

-306-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Fertility Transition in Latin America
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 458

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.