The Fertility Transition in Latin America

By JosÉ Miguel GuzmÁn; Susheela Singh et al. | Go to book overview
We have devoted some time to attempting to determine the moment at which the fertility decline began, finding this to be after 1895.Always using information not completely adequate for our purposes, we have tried to show that the massive arrival of foreign immigrants from countries with fertility levels lower than Argentina's had a depressive effect on fertility levels, but that this was combined with local factors, such as the progressive concentration of the population in areas with lower fertility (specifically the urban areas).We also suggest that age at marriage, the only indicator of an intermediate variable that we could calculate, does not seem to have been a decisive factor in the decline of Argentine fertility.Finally, we also paid some attention to the 1970s, to observe more closely the latest period of 'baby boom', and reached the conclusion that there was a real increase in completed cohort fertility.We believe that, overall, we have obtained a relatively complete, though not very deep, picture of a process which, until now, has not been dealt with in its entirety.
References
Arretx, C., Mellafe, R., and Somoza, J. ( 1977), "'Estimación de la Fecundidad Mediante el Método de los Hijos Propios: Aplicación a Datos de la Argentina de 1895'", Notas de Población, 5/ 14: 83-107.
Baily, S. ( 1980), "'Marriage Patterns and Immigrant Assimilation to Buenos Aires, 1882-1923'", Hispanic American Historical Review, 60/ 1: 32-48.
Camisa, Z. ( 1965), Argentina: Proyección de la Población por Sexo y Edad, 1960-1980 ( Santiago: CELADE).
Celton, D. ( 1987), 'La Población de la Provincia de Córdoba a Fines del Siglo XVIII', Doct. diss, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
Cuba, Centro de Estudios Demográficos (n.d.), La Población de Cuba (CICRED Series; Havana).
Duje, N. E. ( 1989). 'Fecundidad e Ilegitimidad en Córdoba (Argentina), 1780-1840', paper given at ABEP, IUSSP, and CELADE, Congress on the History of the Population in Latin America, Ouro Preto, 2-6 July 1989.
Ferreyra, M. del C. ( 1989), 'Nupcialidad y Fecundidad en una Ciudad Americana Durante el Siglo XVII: El caso de Córdoba (Argentina)', paper given at ABEP, IUSSP, and CELADE, Congress on the History of the Population of Latin America, Ouro Preto, 2-6 July 1989.
Gutiérrez, R. H. ( 1975), La Población de Chile (CICRED Series; Paris).
Lattes, A. E. ( 1975), "'El Crecimiento de la Población y sus Componentes Demográficos Entre 1870 y 1970'", in Z. Recchini de Lattes and A. Lattes (eds.), La Población de Argentina (CICRED Series; Buenos Aires).
Lesthaeghe, R. J. ( 1977), The Decline of Belgian Fertility, 1800-1970 ( Princeton: Princeton University Press).
Mychaszula, S., Pantelides, E. A., and Foschiatti, A. M. ( 1989), 'La Fecundidad en la Ciudad de Corrientes a Principios del Siglo XIX', Paper presented at ABEP, IUSSP,

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