We wish to express our appreciation to the New York University School of Law, Dean John Sexton, and the Center for Research in Crime and Justice for the support that made this book possible. There could not be a more stimulating and supportive environment in which to carry out research.
We received more than our just deserts in the form of generous assistance from friends and colleagues. We especially thank Jacob Buchdahl, Deborah Denno, Mitchell Duneier, David Garland, Susan Gellman, Milton Heumann, Graham Hughes, Stephen Morse, Jerome Skolnick, and Franklin Zimring. The Center's secretary, Judy Geissler, has provided all kinds of assistance with professionalism and good humor. Thanks to Emily Zocchi and Nick Quinn Rosenkranz for copy editing our various drafts, and to Terry Maroney who provided effective research assistance on several chapters.
While this book has been written "from scratch," some of the research and ideas were developed in previous publications. We have benefited from the comments and suggestions of those colleagues, anonymous reviewers, and journal editors who commented on the following Jacobs' articles: "Israel Yearbook on Human Rights", The Emergence and Implications of American Hate Crime Jurisprudence, 22: 113-139 ( 1993); "Criminal Justice Ethics", The War Against Hate Crimes: A New York City Perspective, 11: 55-61 ( Summer/ Fall 1992); Criminal Law Bulletin, "The Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990: A Critique," 29: 99-123 ( February 1993) (coauthor Barry Eisler); "The Public Interest", Should Hate Be a Crime?, 113: 1-12 ( Fall 1993); "Annual Survey of American Law", Implementing Hate Crime Legislation: Symbolism and Crime Control, 1992/93: 541-553 ( 1993); Journal of Criminal Law& Criminology