Regulation and Protectionism under GATT: Case Studies in North American Agriculture

By Andrew Schmitz; Garth Coffin et al. | Go to book overview
.
especially when international comparisons are being made and differences in "competitiveness" are being assessed. For some discussion of these and related matters see Sharples ( 1990).
3.
Because operator and hired labor were both charged at the same hired-labor wage rate, different mixes of hired and family labor have little effect on total labor costs.
4.
The authors would like to thank Mr. Phil Carins of the OMMB and Mr. Real Daigle of the Federation des syndicats de gestion. du Québec for their cooperation in compiling the data.
5.
The results of this study are roughly in agreement with a similar study conducted by Scott Jeffrey ( 1992) that shows a ranking of California, Minnesota, Washington, New York, Alberta, Manitoba, Québec, Ontario, British Columbia and Saskatchewan.
6.
Using a similar method to Romain and Lambert ( 1992) and Richards and Jeffrey ( 1995) shows that the optimal herd size in Alberta is 104 cows, which is 40 cows greater than the current average. Such significant unexploited scale economies suggest that such improvements are available to Alberta producers.

References

Agriculture Canada. 1989. Market Commentary, Farm Inputs and Finance, Policy Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

AGRITEL. 1990. Systeme d' information sur l'entreprise agricole. Repertoire des informations disponibles dans AGRITEL. UPA Longueuil.

Alberta Agriculture. Various years. Economics of Milk Production. Production Economics Branch, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Ball, V. E. 1985. "Output, Input, and Productivity Measurement in US Agriculture 1948-79". American Journal of Agricultural Economics 67: 475-486.

Barichello, R. 1981. "The Economics of Canadian Dairy Industry Regulation". Economic Council of Canada Technical Report E/12. Supply and Services Branch Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Barichello, R., and B. Stennes. 1994. "Cost Competitiveness of the Canadian Dairy Industry: A Farm Level Analysis" Paper presented at the Supply Management in Transition Towards the 21st Century Conference, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Québec, Canada (28-30 June).

California, State of. 1988. Milk Production Cost Indices. Department of Food and Agriculture, Milk Stabilization Branch, Sacramento, CA.

Coughler, P., P. D. Stonehouse, R. Lambert, R. Romain, and G. L. Brinkman. 1992. Dairy Sector: Review of Literature. Report to the Canadian Dairy Commission Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Groupe de Recherche en Economie et Politique Agricoles Department d'Economie Rurale . 1988. "Les Coutes de Production des Exploitations Laitieres du Québec". Faculte des Sciences de l'Agriculture et de l'Amentation.

_____. 1989 and 1990. "Québec Dairy Facts". Faculte des Sciences de l'Agriculture et de l'Amentation.

Gouin, D. M., S. Lebeau, D. Hairy, and D. Perraud. 1990. Analyze structurelle comparee, La production laitiere comparee au Canada, aux Etats-Unis et en Europe.

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