Regulation and Protectionism under GATT: Case Studies in North American Agriculture

By Andrew Schmitz; Garth Coffin et al. | Go to book overview
16.
Glenn Flaten, former member of the NFPC, personal communication.
17.
Apparently, processors were not very sympathetic to the farmers plight at that time. According to personal communication from Jack Stueck, founding president of the Saskatchewan Producers Marketing Board, Canadian processors awarded a trophy to the plant that achieved the highest gross margin each year. As one might imagine, this did not do much for producer prices, especially in areas with little competition for the local processor.
18.
Glenn Flaten, personal communication.
19.
In 1995 dollars, this would be equivalent to over $600 million. Current expenditures on dairy subsidy are less than half that amount.
20.
Initially, only Québec and Ontario joined the remaining provinces signing on over the next four years.
21.
David Kirk, former Secretary General, Canadian Federation of Agriculture, personal communication, March 10, 1994.
22.
The Hon. Ralph Ferguson, also former Minister of Agriculture in Ottawa, additionally gives credit to the Hon. David Stupich, then Minister of Agriculture in British Columbia, for influencing his fellow agricultural ministers in this regard.
23.
The issue of corporate control was noted by Kidd and Hiscock ( 1968) in discussing alternative models for national marketing plans.
24.
David Kirk, personal communication, March 10, 1994.
25.
The quest for protection from imports and regional preservation may be viewed as a form of rent-seeking by provincial governments as well as by leading producers and processors.
26.
The Food Prices Review Board was a federal agency created during the early 1970s to investigate the sources of inflation in food prices. Under the chairmanship of Beryl Plumbtree, the agency published numerous reports and was generally critical of supply management, generating an ongoing debate with the Hon. E. F. Whelan, then Minister of Agriculture and a strong supporter of supply management marketing boards.
27.
While Schmitz and Schmitz ( 1994) deal mainly with the academic literature, Trant ( 1994) reminds us of a considerable body of reports from task forces, steering committees and consulting studies that have been dedicated "to make regulated markets behave more like unregulated or free and competitive markets."
28.
R. Saint-Louis, one of the authors of this chapter, was one of the five members of this fact-finding commission.

References

Arcus, P. L. 1981. Broilers and Eggs. Technical Report No. E13, Economic Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Balcaen, L., R. Doyle, K. Matte, R. Morin, and W. Sherwood. 1992. A Vision for the Future of the Canadian Dairy Industry. Report of the Consultative Committee on the Future of the Dairy Industry, Dairy Farmers of Canada (December).

Barichello, R. 1981. The Economics of Canadian Dairy Regulation Technical Report No. E12, Economic Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Campbell, D. R., P. Comtois, J. C. Gilson, D. L. MacFarlane, and D. H. Thain. 1969.

-223-

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Regulation and Protectionism under GATT: Case Studies in North American Agriculture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • About the Editors and Contributors ix
  • Section One - Overview of the Effects of Gatt 1
  • 1 - Itroduction: Trade and Regulations in Transition 3
  • References 18
  • 2 - Post-Gatt Assessment of the World Marketplace 20
  • Notes 35
  • 3 - Consequences of Tariffication 37
  • References 50
  • 4 - Supply Management Under Minimum Import Access Requirements 51
  • Notes 62
  • References 62
  • 5 - Imports into Canada: Why Have They Remained Low? 64
  • Notes 76
  • References 77
  • Section Two - Case Studies of Gatt's Effects 79
  • 6 - Regulation -- the Us Dairy Industry 81
  • References 94
  • 7 - Cost Competitiveness in the Canadian and Us Dairy Industries 96
  • Notes 115
  • References 116
  • 8 - Supply Management and Vertical Coordination: the Role of Cooperatives 118
  • Notes 126
  • References 127
  • 9 - Value-Added Economic Potential 128
  • Notes 145
  • References 146
  • 10 - Tobacco Supply Management: Examples from the United States and Australia 147
  • References 158
  • 11 - Gatt and the Us Peanut Market 160
  • Notes 178
  • References 179
  • 12 - The Us Sugar Industry: the Free Trade Debate 180
  • Notes 199
  • References 201
  • Section Three - Regulation and Supply Management 203
  • 13 - Supply Management Canadian Style 205
  • Notes 221
  • References 223
  • 14 - Power Relationships in the Political Process 226
  • Notes 241
  • References 244
  • 15 - Provincialism: Problems for the Regulators and the Regulated 245
  • References 267
  • 16 - Provmcial Versus Centralized Pricing: Protectionism and Institutional Design 269
  • References 283
  • 17 - Venturing into the Political Market 284
  • Notes 296
  • 18 - Vertical and Horizontal Coordination 299
  • Notes 312
  • References 313
  • 19 - Will the Supply Management Cartel Stand? 314
  • Notes 330
  • References 330
  • About the Book 332
  • Index 333
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