Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools

By Laura Randall; Joan B. Anderson | Go to book overview
Save to active project

the government perceived these problems to be a consequence of an institutional decentralization concentrated only in administrative and financial aspects.

The profound effect generated by the financial mechanism of the subsidy per student introduced competition among educational institutions. According to Espinola ( 1991) the need to obtain resources through student attendance "required the directors, and also the teachers, to look outside the school and to pay attention to what the parents wanted in it." Thus, the need of responding to "the clients," trying to satisfy them with the educational services offered, would be a new element that has generated changes within the schools. Finally, one must also point out the impact of competition on demand for educational services (see Table 18.1), which caused the sustained and massive transfer of students from the municipal schools to private subsidized schools over a ten-year period.

Thus, according to the stated objectives, it is possible to conclude that the decentralization reform led to better opportunities to improve the efficiency of the system as well as to greater parental participation. On the other hand, teachers' working conditions got worse, at least regarding their salaries. Finally, a strong controversy surrounds the effect of the decentralization reform on quality and equity of education.

General References

Aedo, Cristián, and Osvaldo Larrañaga. 1993. "Politica social: Un marco analitico." Washington, DC: ILADES/Georgetown University, Serie Investigación. Programa de postgrado en economia

Arriagada, Patricio, Juan Matulic, and Cristián Trucco. 1979. Descentralización de la gestión educacional en Chile. Santiago. Mimeo

Cerda, Ana, María, María de la Luz Silva, and Iván Nñez. 1991. "El sistema escolar y la profesión docente." Santiago: PIIE

Chile. Ministerio de Educación. 1991. Estatuto de los Profesionales'de la Educación. Law no. 19.070. Santiago

-----. 1992. "Informe Nacional." In OEI, "II Conferencia Iberoamericana de Educación:" "La descentralización educativa," ed. OEI, pp. 173-181. Santa Fe de Bogotá (Colombia), November 4-6

Jofré, Gerardo. 1988. "El sistema de subvenciones en educación: La experiencia Chilena." Santiago: Centros de Estudios Públicos, Doc. de trabajo no. 99

Latorre, Luis, Iváán Nuñez, Luis Eduardo González, and Ricardo Hevia. 1991. La municipalización de la educación: una mirada desde los administradores del sistema. Santiago: PIIE

Pérez, Andrés. 1996. "El marco normativo de la descentralización educativa en América Latina: comentario a las presentaciones de Silvia Novick de Senen González, Juan" Casassus y Elizabeth King. London, ON: University of Western Ontario

Tünnermann, Carlos. 1996. Panel: "Condiciones para el éxito de la descentralización en paises con diferentes niveles de desarrollo. Sumario." n.p. Universidad Centroamericana, July 25-26


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 338

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?