Schooling for Success: Preventing Repetition and Dropout in Latin American Primary Schools

By Laura Randall; Joan B. Anderson | Go to book overview
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1.
Mexico is a federal country with thirty-one states and one Federal District ( Mexico City, the national capital). Within the states, there are over 2,500 municipalities.
2.
This chapter is based on case study work in Gershberg ( 1996b), which provides details on the methodology used to formulate many of the insights and assertions made below.
3.
Basic education refers to preschool, primary, and secondary school levels. The NAMBE also included initial, indigenous, and normal schooling. Only teachers and administrators in the National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE, the federal compensatory program targeting isolated communities) and the Federal District remained officially employed by the federal Government.
4.
The source for Tables 19.3 and 19.4 is SEP ( 1994).
5.
Remember that the 1990-91 time period is really a comparison between the 1990-91 and 1991-92 school years; therefore it is the time period immediately before the May 1992 NAMBE.
6.
In addition, all these data have computation problems because neither the SEP nor the SEEs can track individual students. For instance, one could see enrollment rates of over 100 percent (because of students being left back or migrating between states); the terminal efficiency rate suffers similarly.

General References

Gershberg, A. I. 1998a. "Decentralization and Recentralization: Lessons from the Social Sectors in Mexico and Nicaragua," OCE Working Paper Series, WP-379. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank. August 1998.

-----. 1998b. "Decentralization, Recentralization and Performance Accountability: Building an Operationally Useful Framework for Analysis," Development Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 4: pp. 405-431.

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). 1994. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1994 Report. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, October.

SEP. 1994 Indicadores Educativos: 1988-1989 a 1994-1995. Mexico, D.F.: SEP.

-----. 1996. Compendio Estadistico del Gasto Educativo, 1995. Mexico City: SEP, March.


Works Cited

Gershberg, Alec Ian. 1995. "Fiscal Decentralization and Intergovernmental Relations: An Analysis of Federal Versus State Education Finance in Mexico." Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies 7, no. 2 (July).

-----. 1996b. "Case Study Report: Mexican Educational Decentralization 1992-1996." Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, RE2/SO2. October 20. Mimeo.

Peterson, George E. 1994. "Decentralization in Latin America: An Overview of Lessons and Issues." Washington, DC: World Bank, LATAD, May. Mimeo.

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