Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis

By David Birdsong | Go to book overview

REFERENCES

Best, C., McRoberts G., & Sithole, N. ( 1988). Examination of perceptual reorganization for nonnative speech contrasts: Zulu click discrimination by English-speaking adults and infants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 14, 345-360.

Birdsong, D. ( 1992). Ultimate attainment in second language acquisition. Language, 68, 706-755.

Bongaerts, T. ( 1997). Exceptional learners and ultimate attainment in second language acquisition. In J. Aarts, I. de Mönnink, & H. Wekker (Eds.), Studies in English language and teaching (pp. 169-183). Amsterdam/ Atlanta: Rodopi.

Bongaerts, T., Planken, B., & Schils, E. ( 1995). Can late learners attain a native accent in a foreign language? A test of the critical period hypothesis. In D. Singleton & Z. Lengyel (Eds.), The age factor in second language acquisition (pp. 30-50). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters.

Bongaerts, T., Van C. Summeren, Planken, B., & Schils, E. ( 1997). Age and ultimate attainment in the pronunciation of a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19, 447-465.

Flege, J. ( 1992a). The intelligibility of English vowels spoken by British and Dutch talkers. In R. Kent (Ed.), Intelligibility in speech disorders (pp. 157-232). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Flege, J. ( 1992b). Speech learning in a second language. In C. Ferguson, L. Menn, & C. Stoel-Gammon (Eds.), Phonological development: Models, research, implications (pp. 565-604). Timonium, MD: York Press.

Flege, J. ( 1995). Second language speech learning. Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 233-277). Timonium, MD: York Press.

Flege, J., Munro, M., & MacKay, I. ( 1995). Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, 3125-3134.

Geschwind, N., & Galaburda, A. ( 1985). Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations and pathology: A hypothesis and a program for research. Archives of Neurology, 42, 428-459, 521- 552, 634-654.

Guiora, A. ( 1990). A psychological theory of second language production. Toegepaste Taalwetenschap in Artikelen, 37, 15-23.

Guiora, A. ( 1991). The two faces of language ego. Toegepaste Taalwetenschap in Artikelen, 41, 5-14.

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