Photogravure from a wood engraving
CHARLES DE SECONDAT, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu, was born of a noble family near Bordeaux January 18, 1689, and died at Paris February, 1755. He wrote a number of brilliant political and social studies, the chief of which is "The Spirit of Laws." The fourteen years which he devoted to this notable work were recompensed by its instant and unexampled popularity. In eighteen months it ran through twenty- two editions. Montesquieu was in advance of his age as an advocate of liberty and humanity. Voltaire said of him: "The human race had lost its titles; Montesquieu found and restored them."