Social Aspects of Industry: A Survey of Labor Problems and Causes of Industrial Unrest

By S. Howard Patterson | Go to book overview
of the closed shop in which good working conditions and union hours and wages prevail. The union label is an attempt to organize the workers as consumers.Trade unions can raise the wages of their members by such monopoly practices as the limitation of apprentices. This creates an artificial scarcity in the supply of one type of labor and, hence, raises its wages. Restriction of output is an attempt to increase the volume of employment and to lessen the strain of industry.Collective bargaining has often raised money wages rather than real wages, and the wages of organized groups rather than those of unorganized groups. On the other hand, it has limited the field of competition among various workers and secured for them their full economic rate of wages. Thus, it has prevented exploitation of the workers because of their bargaining disadvantages. Collective bargaining may be viewed as an attempt to standardize labor and to balance the two parties to the labor contract.
Collateral Reading
ADAMS T. S., and SUMNER H. L., "Labor Problems", chap. 7.
ATKINS W. E. and LASSWELL H. D., "Labor Attitudes and Problems"," chaps. 18 and 19.
BLOOMFIELD D., "Problems of Labor", pp. 243-269 and 301-313.
BLUM S., "Labor Economics", chaps. 5, 15, 16, and 17.
CARLTON F. T., "History and Problems of Organized Labor", chap. 6.
CARVER T. N., "Principles of Political Economy", chaps. 30 to 33.
CATLIN W. B., "The Labor Problem", chaps. 11, 12, and 13.
COMMONS J. R., "Trade Unionism and Labor Problems"," see. ser., chaps. 30, 34, and 36.
ELY R. T. , "Outlines of Economics", chap. 22.
ESTEY J. A., "The Labor Problem", chaps. 3, 4, and 5.
FURNISS E. S., "Labor Problems", chaps. 10 and 11.
GOMPERS S., "Labor and the Employee", chaps. 3, 4, 5, and 8.
GROAT G. G., "Organized Labor in America", chaps. 16, 17, 18, and 19.
HOXIE F. R., "Trade Unionism in the United States", chaps. 10 and 11.
OGBURN W. F., "Democracy in Reconstruction", chap. 12.
SEAGER H. R., "Principles of Economics", chap. 29.
TANNENBAUM F., "The Labor Movement", chaps. 13 to 16, inc.
TAUSSIG F. W., "Principles of Economics", vol. 2, chap. 55.
WATKINS G. S., "Introduction to a Study of Labor Problems", chap. 6.

References
American Federation of Labor, Report of the Proceedings of the Annual Conventions.
American Labor Yearbook.
COLE G. D. H., "The World of Labor".
FITCH J. A., "The Closed Shop", Survey, Nov. 8, 1919.
GLEASON A., "What the Workers Want".
GOMPERS S., "Labor and the Common Welfare".
HAMILTON W. and MAY S., "Control of Wages".

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