dimension in the study of racial-ethnic communities, as with all others, and that oral historians working in these communities must exorcise the bogeyman of not only homogeneous racial-ethnic communities but that of unchanging ones as well.16
Barnhart E. N. ( 1958). Japanese American evacuation and resettlement: Catalog of material in the General Library. Berkeley, CA: University of California General Library.
Chuman F. ( 1975, January 6, 13). Interview by A.A. Hansen, O. H. 1475a,6.
Conroy H., & Miyakawa T. S. (Eds.). ( 1972). East across the pacific: Historical and sociological studies of Japanese immigration and assimilation. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC Clio Press.
Daniels R. ( 1971). Concentration camps U.S.A.: Japanese Americans and World War II. Hillside, IL: Dryden Press.
Embrey S. K. ( 1973a, August 24). Interview by A. A. Hansen & D. A. Hacker, O. H. 1366a, OHP-CSUF.
Embrey S. K. ( 1973b, November 1). Interview by D. J. Bertagnoli & A. A. Hansen, O.H. 1366b, OHP-CSUF.
Embrey S. K., Hansen A. A., & Mitson B. K. ( 1986). Manzanar Martyr: An Interview with Harry Y. Ueno. Fullerton, CA: Japanese American Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton.
Fugita S. S., & O'Brien D. J. ( 1991). The Japanese American experience. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Fukasawa G. ( 1974, August 12). Interview by A. A. Hansen, O. H. 1336, OHP-CSUF.
Hansen A. A. (Ed.). ( 1991). Japanese American World War II evacuation project: Part I: Internees. Westport, CT: Meckler.
Hansen A. A., & Mitson B. E. (Eds.). ( 1974). Voices long silent: An oral inquiry into the Japanese American evacuation. Fullerton, CA: Japanese American Project, Oral History Program, CSUF.
Hirabayashi J. ( 1975). Nisei: The quiet American? A re-evaluation. Amerasia Journal, 3, 114-29.____________________
Contemporary scholars have demonstrated again and again that, in penetrating the culture of a neglected group, historians often find more than they bargained for. What looked like a group becomes an amalgam of groups; what looked like a culture becomes a series of cultures. Americans on the eve of World War II might have seen only a monolith when they looked at Japanese Americans, but historians must see something vastly more complicated: The Issei born in Japan and legally barred from becoming U. S. citizens, the Nisei, born and raised here and thus citizens by birth, the Kibei, born here but raised in Japan and thus legally Americans and culturally Japanese, as well as those who lived in cities and those who lived on farms, those who struggled to maintain the old ways and those who hungered for acculturation. The complexity I speak of is not the complexity of specialized languages or esoteric methodologies but the complexity of people and the cultures they create. ( Levine, 1993, pp. 11-12)
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Interactive Oral History Interviewing. Contributors: Eva M. McMahan - Editor, Kim Lacy Rogers - Editor. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of publication: Hillsdale, NJ. Publication year: 1994. Page number: 137.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.