The distinctive nature of the discipline of the philosophy of education,
then, is characterized by (1) the possession of theoretical tools and techniques which are common to all philosophy, (2) the use of these to make
and evaluate decisions particularly pertinent to the field of education, and
(3) its unique dependence upon education as the designated subject-matter
area for these theoretical operations.
|2. ||The evaluative, or critical, phase which involves the close inspection of those
criteria, the identification and inspection of alternative criteria, and the
assessment of each (the latter evidently conducted in terms of an unspecified metacritical criterion)|
|3. ||The speculative, or hypothetical, phase which involves the framing of new
alternatives for the conduct of education through this prior examination
and synthesis of older standards and practices|
The Distinctive Nature of the Discipline
of the Philosophy of EducationA Statement by the Philosophy of Education Society We make a distinction between disciplines or modes of inquiry such as
psychology, sociology, administration,
engineering and philosophy, and the
persons who utilize these disciplines.
Our attention is to the disciplines persons employ rather than to the persons
who employ the disciplines.What philosophy of education ought
to be and do is a highly debatable matter insofar as differing answers come
from differing philosophical positions.
This statement, therefore, attempts only
to delineate the basic, common, or minimal characteristics of the discipline
within which we find these differing
answers and positions.A. The various philosophies--philosophy of education, art, science, politics,
religion and history among them--
share three characteristics which help
distinguish philosophy from other fields
|1. ||Unique theoretical tools consisting
of hypotheses, concepts and categories (such as meaning, truth,
|2. ||The employment of these tools in
the examination of the criteria, assumptions and/or reasons which
guide assessments, judgments and
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Philosophy of Education:Essays and Commentaries.
Contributors: Hobert W. Burns - Editor, Charles J. Brauner - Editor.
Publisher: Ronald Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1962.
Page number: 18.
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