Philosophy of Education: Essays and Commentaries

By Hobert W. Burns; Charles J. Brauner | Go to book overview
Save to active project

based on our new awareness of the sociality of the human species and the discovery that he learns much of his character and personality by mere association with his kind, we may infer that the types of things he learns from his kind are more associated with his social behavior than with the manipulation of intellectual concepts in his mind. Hence a grading system to measure growth in behavior, in addition to the one we already have in measuring growth in intellectual manipulation, is seen to be a necessary hand maiden to the idea of social promotion. And if this social creature called man requires for his developing sociality a geographical proximity to his fellows and a freedom to turn physically toward them and associate himself with them, then there is a clear rationale for the introduction of movable furniture.

Conceived in this sense, theory is the primary unifying agent in our lives. It makes possible a criticism of what we do to see if it is logically coherent with all else that we do. In this special office, theory performs a very practical task.

Viewed in this light we can say that a good theory is the most practical thing a man can possess. For as we stumble around from day to day, as we get lost among the trees of practical action, we can often save ourselves by withdrawing and viewing the forest of social reality in which we all move.

It is this connecting of trees with forest, practical action with theory, that is the singular, continuing obligation of modern man.

The Implications of the Permissiveness Doctrine in American Education

Fred N. Kerlinger*

The doctrine of permissiveness in education and its relation to democratic ideology have been tormenting problems to American educators. Most thinkers apparently agree on a rather large measure of permissiveness in the education of children. The idea seems basically to be that children, if they are to mature into democratic individuals and citizens, must not be too restricted in the pursuit of their own interests and needs, since such restrictiveness will somehow have the unfortunate consequence of producing undemocratic citizens. If children are not "permitted" a good deal of freedom--more specifically, decision choice--then they will not mature into autonomous, cooperative, and generally democratic individuals. In short, without permissiveness we run the danger of creating authoritarian individuals and an authoritarian society. Certainly, the argument goes, we now have a generally authoritarian school system which is systematically warping millions of

Reprinted by permission from Educational Theory, X ( April, 1960), 120-127.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Philosophy of Education: Essays and Commentaries


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 450

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?