Soldiers and Violence on the Pennsylvania Frontier
Gregory T. Knouff
The popular conception of the American Revolutionary War is of the conflict on the eastern seaboard. Most Americans imagine the birth of the United States as a battle between Patriot, Tory, and British forces, but scant attention is paid to the bloody events that took place on the frontier during the period 1775-83. For those who measure historical significance by great battles and campaigns, the hinterland war was a small-scale affair. In the state of Pennsylvania, military conflict slowly became general on the frontier between the local Indian groups and European-American settlers beginning in 1777. The Iroquois (except the
I wish to thank Peter Messer, Jacquelyn Miller, John Murrin, Thomas Slaughter, and participants in the Philadelphia Center for Early American Studies seminar for helpful criticisms and suggestions on earlier drafts for this chapter.