"less adequate than spoken language for some purposes of communication but more adequate for others."21 He would agree with Dewey that knowledge and intellectual effort and social import are found in art, however much this must thicken the "aesthetic surface." As it is realized how art and science take off from and come back to common experience, Horace Kallen's point is appreciated, that freedom in art and science is one with the freedom of men.Then it follows that standards in art, instead of being just a matter of private taste, as C. J. Ducasse has maintained ( The Philosophy of Art), or just a question of earlier and later liking, with D. W. Prall,22 are the discriminations of what Dewey calls a "consuming and informed interest."23 True criticism is accordingly the re-education of perception to further the enlarging and liberating effect of art, as focussing the values of life. Pepper, thinking in this direction, has come to say that the aesthetic object must include all that repeated perception adds for a single appreciator, and the consensus of many discriminating perceivers.24 Finally, a word should be said about Thomas Munro's work, not only in The Arts and Their Interrelations, but in editing The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, which correlates the varied aspects of aesthetics in the United States and keeps Americans abreast of what is being done in aesthetics in other countries. VAN METER AMESSUGGESTED READINGS
CROCE BENEDETTO, Aesthetic. Macmillan, 1914.
DEWEY JOHN, Art as Experience. Minton, Balch & Co., 1934.
DUCASSE C. J., The Philosophy of Art. Dial Press, 1929.
GILBERT K. E., and KUHN H., A History of Esthetics. Macmillan Co., 1939.
KALLEN H. M., Art and Freedom. Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1942.
PARKER DEW. H., The Principles of Aesthetics. 2nd ed. F. S. Crofts & Co., 1946.
Charles Morris, Signs, Language and Behavior, pp. 193-194.
D. W. Prall, "A Study in the Theory of Value," University of California Publ. in Philosophy, Vol. III, No. 2.
J. Dewey, op. cit., p. 310.
S. C. Pepper, "On Professor Jarrett's Questions about the Aesthetic Object," The Journal of philosophy, XLIX, 1952, pp. 639-641.


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