father in 1954 is not the "same person" as his father in 1924. In short, Korzybski's contribution to semantics should not be judged as a theoretical contribution but as the contribution of a visionary, dedicated to make the principles of semantics serve those of emotional and social hygiene.It should also be pointed out that many of the individuals responsible for the popularization of Korzybski's ideas and along with them the principles of scientific semantics, from which those ideas were derived, have also contributed toward the popularization of anthropological semantics. Naturally because of the remoteness of the subject matter, the ideas of anthropological semantics are spreading much more slowly than the ideas more directly related to communication and to mental hygiene.It is to be expected that some time will elapse before the relation between "scientific," "therapeutic," and "anthropological" theories of meaning are brought into proper perspective in the eyes of the scholars concerned with the philosophy of language. The lag in the integration of these approaches is typical of such lags in other fields of investigation. For example, physiological ("scientific") psychology, psychiatry ("therapeutic" psychology) and abnormal psychology form the analogues to the branches of semantics here described. It is only in recent years that voices have been raised on the necessity of integrating these studies, which differ so widely in approach, terminology, and method.In general, it can be stated that the methodological schisms prevalent in other fields of investigation, prevail also in semantics and give rise to the same lack of empathy between workers committed to the various approaches, often considered by their protagonists to be antagonistic. This has happened many times in the history of ideas. ANATOL RAPOPORTSUGGESTED READINGS
AYER A. J., Language, Truth and Logic. 2nd ed. Dover Publications, 1950.
HAYAKAWA S. I., Language in Thought and Action. Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1949.
JOHNSON A. B., A Treatise on Language. University of California Press, 1947.
JOHNSON WENDELL, People in Quandaries. Harper, 1946.
KORZYBSKI ALFRED, Science and Sanity. 3rd ed. Institute of General Semantics, Lakeville, Conn., 1948.


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